South Africa Apartheid
Terms in this set (20)
Places where blacks had to live during Apartheid.
Economic and political penalties imposed by one country on another and were used by many different countries to force South Africa to end Apartheid.
Whites of South Africa who once controlled all the power of South Africa during Apartheid.
Another name for apartness and was set up in South Africa to separate the different races.
African National Conference (ANC)
Created in 1912 to oppose Apartheid and fight for the freedom and equality of black South Africans. Nelson Mandela became the first ANC president of South Africa.
Led peaceful protests in the 1980s to end Apartheid. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 for his leadership efforts.
Protested against Apartheid in South Africa and was put in prison for 26 years. After his release from prison, he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993 and became South Africa's first democratically elected president in 1994.
F.W. de Klerk
The last white South African president elected during Apartheid in 1989. He released Nelson Mandela from prison. He helped South Africa end apartheid and shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Nelson Mandela in 1993.
The year when Apartheid became law in South Africa.
The decade when sanctions and protests eventually led to the end of Apartheid.
The year when Nelson Mandela was released from prison.
The year when Nelson Mandela was elected as the first black president of South Africa.
A policy that divided blacks of South Africa into 10 nations called homelands.
A policy that is known as personal apartheid in which whites tried to eliminate any contact between whites and nonwhites.
A policy that required blacks to have work permits to work outside their homeland.
Special permission given by the South African government to some blacks to work outside their homeland.
Group Areas Act
Created in 1950 and made all cities in South Africa completely segregated.
A method used by countries like the United States to stop trading with South Africa until the South African government ended Apartheid.
The year when the Group Areas Act segregated all South African cities.
The year when Apartheid officially ended in South Africa.