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Poetic Devices

Basic techniques; tools poets use to express themselves


One horizontal row of words in a poem

Form & Content

Convey author's meaning

Stanza (Verse)

Group of lines


Group of stanzas


Short quote introducing the poem and sets its tone


Use of words' sounds to create emphasis or patterns

Accent (Stress)

Part of word that has a stronger sound


The study of the meter of a poem


Units of stressed and unstressed syllables divided by meter


Consists 2 syllables, with the unstressed syllable first

Iambic Tetrameter

4 iambs per line

Iambic Pentameter

5 iambs per line

Blank Verse

Iambic Pentameter without rhymes


Consists 2 syllables, with the stressed syllable first

Trochaic Tetrameter

4 trochees per line


Have 3 syllables, with the first one stressed

Dactylic Trimeter

3 dactyls per line

End Rhyme

2 lines that rhymes at the ends

Internal Rhyme

Appears when rhymes occurs in the middle of lines

Rhyme Scheme

Use of the pattern of end rhyme

Shakespearean Sonnet

Famous poetic form that has the rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG, where GG is a rhyming couplet

Rhyming Couplet

Stanza made of 2 rhyming lines


Words that begin with the same consonant are placed close to one another


Consonant sounds repeat in the middle or at the ends of adjacent words


Vowel sounds repeat in adjacent words
(Letter doesn't matter)

Free Verse

Poems that lack consistent patterns of meter or rhyme
Grew popular in the late 19th century

Prose Poem

Poems using sentences or grammar resembling normal speech


comparing two things, stating something is like something; uses terms such as like or as


Declares that 2 things are the same; doesn't uses terms like "like" or "as"


Technique of comparison


Applying human or life-like terms to an inanimate object

Poetic License

poet's freedom to alter and change language to exaggerate, distort to create desired effects


a style in which one expresses ideas the moment they come into one's head


a song of praise


four-line stanzas


eight-line stanza


six-line stanza


two three-line stanzas


three line Japanese poetic form, with five syllables in the first and third line and seven syllables in the second line


poets who rejects the traditional approach to poetic forms


group of artists and writers of the 19th century who depended on emotion and nature for much of their inspiration

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