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42 terms

MAK WSC 2012 Poetry Terms

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Poetic Devices
Basic techniques; tools poets use to express themselves
Lines
One horizontal row of words in a poem
Form & Content
Convey author's meaning
Stanza (Verse)
Group of lines
Sections
Group of stanzas
Epigraph
Short quote introducing the poem and sets its tone
Rhythm
Use of words' sounds to create emphasis or patterns
Accent (Stress)
Part of word that has a stronger sound
Scansion
The study of the meter of a poem
Feet
Units of stressed and unstressed syllables divided by meter
Iamb
Consists 2 syllables, with the unstressed syllable first
Iambic Tetrameter
4 iambs per line
Iambic Pentameter
5 iambs per line
Blank Verse
Iambic Pentameter without rhymes
Trochee
Consists 2 syllables, with the stressed syllable first
Trochaic Tetrameter
4 trochees per line
Dactyl
Have 3 syllables, with the first one stressed
Dactylic Trimeter
3 dactyls per line
End Rhyme
2 lines that rhymes at the ends
Internal Rhyme
Appears when rhymes occurs in the middle of lines
Rhyme Scheme
Use of the pattern of end rhyme
Shakespearean Sonnet
Famous poetic form that has the rhyme scheme ABAB CDCD EFEF GG, where GG is a rhyming couplet
Rhyming Couplet
Stanza made of 2 rhyming lines
Alliteration
Words that begin with the same consonant are placed close to one another
Consonance
Consonant sounds repeat in the middle or at the ends of adjacent words
Assonance
Vowel sounds repeat in adjacent words
(Letter doesn't matter)
Free Verse
Poems that lack consistent patterns of meter or rhyme
Grew popular in the late 19th century
Prose Poem
Poems using sentences or grammar resembling normal speech
Simile
comparing two things, stating something is like something; uses terms such as like or as
Metaphor
Declares that 2 things are the same; doesn't uses terms like "like" or "as"
Symbolism
Technique of comparison
Personification
Applying human or life-like terms to an inanimate object
Poetic License
poet's freedom to alter and change language to exaggerate, distort to create desired effects
stream-of-consciousness
a style in which one expresses ideas the moment they come into one's head
Paean
a song of praise
quatrains
four-line stanzas
octave
eight-line stanza
sestet
six-line stanza
tercet
two three-line stanzas
haiku
three line Japanese poetic form, with five syllables in the first and third line and seven syllables in the second line
Modernists
poets who rejects the traditional approach to poetic forms
Romantics
group of artists and writers of the 19th century who depended on emotion and nature for much of their inspiration