MEdical Terminology : A systems approach Ch 9 - Symptoms (Eroh
Symptomatic and theraputic terms
altered state of consciousness due to decreased blood flow to brain
end to end union or joining of two vessels to provide an alternate pathway for blood flow
localized abnormal dilation of a vessel
a procedure thata alters a vessei,either by surgery or dilation of the vessel using a balloon catherter.
radiological examination of aorta and its branches
the condition of being stopped
irregularity in heart action
removal of material from a blocked artery using a radiological catheter
removal and examination of a small peice of tissue for diagnostic purposes
soft blowing sound heard on auscultation
a loss of effective cardiac function, results in cessation of circulation
passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to evaluate valve function, septal defects, congenital anomalies, blood supply, or myocardial function
any disease of heart muscle not caused by an adequet amount of blood to tissues and organs
narrowing of a vessel, ecspecially the aorta
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
failure of the heart to supply and adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs.
radiological examination of blood vessels of and around the heart
recording device that graphically records blood flow
a method of ultrasound to produce images of the heart
shows the spread of electrical excitation to diferent parts of the heart
embolus, emboli (pl)
mass of undissolved matter circulating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel
quivering or spontaneous heart muscle contractions causing ineffectual contractions
stoppage of bleeding or circulation
Holter monitor test
ECG taken with small portable recording system.
excessive amounts of lipids in the blood
condition that is present when blood pressure registers higher than normal
area of tissue that unergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
to introduce fluid into the body
local and temporary deficiency of blood suply because of circulatory obstruction
mitral valve prolapse
common and occasionally serious condition in which leaflets of mitral valve prolapse into left atrium during systole
open, unobstructed, or not closed
patent ductus arteriosus
failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth
puncturing of the pericardium to remove fluid. A test for cause of pericarditis.
Iincision in a vessel to remove blood or introduce fluids
provides a graphic display of heart sounds during the cardiac cycle.
ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions.
used to display soft-tissue structures such as blood vessles without the confusing overlay of bone images.
tetralogy of Fallot
congenital anomaly consisting 4 elements: 1. pulmonary artery stenosis 2. interventricular septal defect 3. transposition of aorta 4. right ventricular hypertrophy caused by increased workload of the right ventricle
destruction of a blood clot
blood clot that obstructs a vessel
radiography of a vein after injection of a contrast medium.