40 terms

MEdical Terminology : A systems approach Ch 9 - Symptoms (Eroh

Symptomatic and theraputic terms
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Adams-stokes syndrome
altered state of consciousness due to decreased blood flow to brain
anastomosis
end to end union or joining of two vessels to provide an alternate pathway for blood flow
aneurysm
localized abnormal dilation of a vessel
anigoplasty
a procedure thata alters a vessei,either by surgery or dilation of the vessel using a balloon catherter.
aortography
radiological examination of aorta and its branches
arrest
the condition of being stopped
arryhythmia
irregularity in heart action
atherectomy
removal of material from a blocked artery using a radiological catheter
biopsy
removal and examination of a small peice of tissue for diagnostic purposes
bruit, murmer
soft blowing sound heard on auscultation
cardiac arrest
a loss of effective cardiac function, results in cessation of circulation
cardiac catheterization
passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to evaluate valve function, septal defects, congenital anomalies, blood supply, or myocardial function
cardiomyopathy
any disease of heart muscle not caused by an adequet amount of blood to tissues and organs
coarctation
narrowing of a vessel, ecspecially the aorta
Congestive Heart Failure (CHF)
failure of the heart to supply and adequate amount of blood to tissues and organs.
coronary angiography
radiological examination of blood vessels of and around the heart
doppler
recording device that graphically records blood flow
echocardiography
a method of ultrasound to produce images of the heart
electrocardiogram
shows the spread of electrical excitation to diferent parts of the heart
embolus, emboli (pl)
mass of undissolved matter circulating in blood or lymphatic channels until it becomes lodged in a vessel
fibrillation
quivering or spontaneous heart muscle contractions causing ineffectual contractions
hemostasis
stoppage of bleeding or circulation
Holter monitor test
ECG taken with small portable recording system.
hyperlipidemia
excessive amounts of lipids in the blood
hypertension
condition that is present when blood pressure registers higher than normal
infarct
area of tissue that unergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply
infusion
to introduce fluid into the body
ishemia
local and temporary deficiency of blood suply because of circulatory obstruction
mitral valve prolapse
common and occasionally serious condition in which leaflets of mitral valve prolapse into left atrium during systole
patent
open, unobstructed, or not closed
patent ductus arteriosus
failure of the ductus arteriosus to close after birth
pericardiocentesis
puncturing of the pericardium to remove fluid. A test for cause of pericarditis.
phlebotomy venipuncture
Iincision in a vessel to remove blood or introduce fluids
phonocardiography
provides a graphic display of heart sounds during the cardiac cycle.
stress test
ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions.
subtraction angiography
used to display soft-tissue structures such as blood vessles without the confusing overlay of bone images.
tetralogy of Fallot
congenital anomaly consisting 4 elements: 1. pulmonary artery stenosis 2. interventricular septal defect 3. transposition of aorta 4. right ventricular hypertrophy caused by increased workload of the right ventricle
thrombolysis
destruction of a blood clot
thrombus, thrombi
blood clot that obstructs a vessel
venography
radiography of a vein after injection of a contrast medium.