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World History Final Exam

Terms in this set (15)

Islam's culture and ideas were spread primarily through traders, raveling scholars, and military conquests. Islam pushed back the borders or the Tang Empire and slowed the spread of Christianity.

Some additional info is provided below in no particular order

- Commodities from inner Eurasia spread through baghdad's wersetn desert, linking the captial with syria, egypt, north africa, and southern spain
-Baghdad was a world entrepot
- Islam used trade routes stretching across Southwest Asia and North Africa to spread its faith and political empire.
- As Islam spread and became decentralized, it generated competitive dynasties in Spain, North Africa, and points farther east. These dynasties brought a high level of artistry from its heartland
- Islam spread its religious rules, traditions and ideology to Medina.
- Islam spread its religious rules, traditions and ideology via warfare to Syria, Egypt, and Iraq (the once centerpieces of the former Byzantine and Sasanian Empire
- Byzantines retreated into the highlands of Anatolia
- Sasanians were obliterated by Islam military and their empire was destroyed
- The Great Mosque of Cordoba was built in Spain under the rule of Abd al-Rahman
- an area 8000 miles east of spain known as the "central asian Galaxy of Talent" was home to arabic intellectuals one of which invented algebra.
- Islam crossed the Saharah Desert into africa by traders and scholars
- Trade spread commodities and generated prodigious wealth which allowed centralized kingdoms to develop.
- African and Arabic culture intermingled in Africa.
ISLAM
- Spread primarily through trading merchants, traveling scholars, an military conquests.
In contrast to Christianity, Islam's religious leaders emphasized what they had in common with those around them: many islamic scholars, theologians, and mystics were married men, merchants, or couriers just like the public.
- People were converted through the faith's appeal to converts. Some turned to it for practical reasons, reduced taxes or enhanced power. Some, particularly living in ethnically or religiously diverse cultures welcomed the idea of a single all powerful god and clear code of laws and saw it offering answers to secular questions.
- INA FIGURE OUT

CHRISTIANITY

- In contrast to Islam, who emphasized what they had in common with laypeople, monks and nuns were honored in small groups by warrior societies who were much different from them.
Monks, nuns, and Rome-based popes spread Christianity throughout Western Europe.
By 800 C.E., most regions of northern Europe held great monasteries. The support of kings and local warlords Christianity continued to spread.
Christianity also spread via traveling scholars and traders.

-People often converted because Christianity seemed like an other worldy alternative to the warrior societies of the time. People also converted because their kings and leaders had been converted to Christianity.

INA HALP

BUDDHISM

-Buddhism really began to spread when Emperor Li Shimin (Tang Dynasty) accepted Buddhism as one of the three ways of learning (joining Confucianism and daoism) and began constructing monastaries and meditation structures on trade routes.
Caves along the silk road were painted with buddhist writings, pictures, and the like.
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-Buddhism was popular amongst China, Korea, Japan