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Imperialism terms to know
Terms in this set (23)
a principle of US policy, originated by President James Monroe in 1823, that any intervention by external powers in the politics of the Americas is a potentially hostile act against the US.
a corollary (1904) to the Monroe Doctrine, asserting that the U.S. might intervene in the affairs of an American republic threatened with seizure or intervention by a European country. Origin of Roosevelt Corollary Expand.
Annexed 1898 wanted for base and eventually sugar and pineapple
Result of Spanish American war
The United States emerged as a world power. The United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico.
his Caribbean island became a U.S. protectorate in 1903 under the Platt Amendment, which as a treaty between the two countries, stated: 'Cuba consents that the United States may exercise the right to intervene for the protection of Cuban independence, the maintenance of a government adequate for the protection of life, property, and individual liberty.'
Big stick diplomacy
Big Stick policy refers to U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt's foreign policy: "speak softly, and carry a big stick.
Open door policy
Open Door Policy is a term in foreign affairs initially used to refer to the United States policy established in the late 19th century and the early 20th century, as enunciated in Secretary of State John Hay's Open Door Note, dated September 6, 1899 and dispatched to the major European powers.
Annexation of Hawaii
U.S. wanted Hawaii for business and so Hawaiian sugar could be sold in the U.S. duty free, Queen Liliuokalani opposed so Sanford B. Dole overthrew her in 1893, William McKinley convinced Congress to annex Hawaii in 1898
Russo Japanese war
War concluded by a T. Roosevelt-mediated treaty that earned TR the Nobel Peace Prize but caused much ill will toward American from the two signatories
Pulitzer and Hearst
Created yellow journalism
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
Reasons for imperialism
Economy, power, manifest destiny.
25th president responsible for Spanish-American War, Philippine-American War, and the Annexation of Hawaii, imperialism. Is assassinated by an anarchist
26th President of the United States, hero of the Spanish-American War; Panama Canal was built during his administration; said 'Speak softly but carry a big stick' (1858-1919)
Roosevelt's handpicked successor. Taft was a Republican lawyer from Ohio and was associated with the "Old Guard" or very conservative politicians. He favored protective tariffss and trust regulation.
1913: lowers tariff; talks to Congress directly; his party was running the Congress; had a graduated income tax (16th amendment allowed such a thing and it included everyone making over $3,000)
Henry Cabot lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
Jingoism is aggressive, nationalistic and patriotic expansion. Theodore Roosevelt, among many others, believed in this extreme form of expansion.
Reasons for war w spain
To protect; saw ourselves
Legislation that promised the US would not annex Cuba after winning the Spanish-American war
Reasons for taking Philippines
Naval base economy, closer to other side of hemisphere
An agreement with Japan where Japan agreed to limit immigration, and Roosevelt agreed to discuss with the San Francisco School Board that segregation of Japanese children in school would be stopped. The agreement prevented a war that would have been caused by California, who was in Japan's eyes, oppressing their children.
Panamanian's eager to rebel when Columbia refused America's proposal to buy land for the canal; the people hoped that prosperity would follow the construction of the canal; Bunau-Varilla and US naval forces aided in revolution; US justified intervention by a strained interpertation of treaty of 1846 (but Roosevelt was really just desperate to be elected president by his own means); occured on November 3, 1903 with the killing of Chinese civilian and donkey
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