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american history semester 1 final
Terms in this set (69)
Three reasons the North's support for reconstruction faded?
lack of enforcement, lack of support, election of 1876
How did Jim Crow Laws affect African Americans in the South after Reconstruction ended in 1877?
They segregated African Americans and didn't allow them to do some things white folk could.
What did the Supreme Court rule in the case of Plessy v. Ferguson?
They ruled that separate was equal.
Gave the right to vote to all citizens
Made slavery illegal
Made slavery illegal
States could not withhold citizenship from anyone
Poll taxes and literacy tests were devices used to do what?
Prevent African Americans from voting.
The Jim Crow laws of the post-Civil War Era were attempts by Southern governments to restrict the freedoms of whom?
Whose main goal was to restore white supremacy in the South?
Klu Klux Klan
What are three true consequences of the presidential election of 1876?
President Hayes was elected, Union withdrew from the South, effectively ended Reconstruction
Why was sharecropping a setback to reconstruct efforts in the South?
It entrapped African Americans back into slavery.
Why did early attempts by congress to enforce Civil Rights Acts, fail?
They all lacked enforcement.
Why was the period after the Civil War known as the 'Reconstruction' period?
The Union was trying to help the South rebuild
How did the government's reservation policy affect Native Americans living on the plains in the late 1800's?
If let Americans push native americans off their land and put them onto reservations.
How did the invention of barbed wire transform the economy of the American West for ranchers in Texas in the 1870's and 1880's?
It stopped the wide open ranging and herding of cattle.
What invention would eventually lead to the destruction of the Native Americans' way of life?
The rail road
What is the vast grassland extending through the west-central portion of the United States called?
The Great Plains
The Great Plains
What battle marks the end of the wars between the U.S. government and Native Americans?
The Battle of Wounded Knee
What colonel was killed at the Little Bighorn River?
What is the term for trying to make Native Americans adopt the culture of white Americans?
What was the Dawes Act, passed by Congress in 1887 intended to do? How?
It was intended to help protect native american lands. This would give them land that they could live on
Why did the Dawes Act failed?
The Dawes act failed because the Native Americans wouldn't stay on the reservations
What was the Homestead Act intended to do?
This was intended to get people to move out west.
Which technological development had the greatest impact on patterns of settlement in the American West? WHY?
Railroad. People would settle around stops in the railroad.
What was most responsible for bringing an end to the era of the western frontier? (not an end to the free open range... be careful)
Why did the policy of treating the Great Plains as a huge reservation change?
People wanted more land
What believe led to a rise in anti-immigrant groups and a demand for immigration restrictions?
Which term refers to the mixture of diverse cultures whose people blended together by abandoning their native language and customs?
What theory would support that the weak, such as the poor, should not be helped, but should be allowed to die out?
Which term refers to housing for poor, especially immigrants, that was crowded, rat-infested, and unhealthy?
What was the name of the book of photos by Jacob Riis showing urban poor, to try to raise help for their situation?
How the Other Half Lives
What is anti-Semitism?
The hating of Jews
What is the difference between immigration and emigration?
Immigration is people coming in, emigration is going out.
How did government's laissez-faire policies of the Gilded Age promote industrialization?
It let them expand and develop quickly.
What privileges did labor unions win for the lives of many workers during the late nineteenth century?
They won better pay and working hours
How did political bosses in major industrial cities affect the lives of immigrants to the US in the late 1800's? (What did they do for immigrants and in return, what did immigrants do for them?)
They helped the immigrants get jobs and housing in return for votes
What is the illegal use of political influence for personal gain is called?
Why is the late 19th century US is often referred to as "The Gilded Age"? (What was good going on and what was not so good?)
There was a lot of wealth but it was just with the rich.
What privileges was the American Federation of Labor try to achieve for workers in the late 1800's?
They were trying to get better pay
Why did America change from a rural to an urban country in 1880-1920?
There were more jobs and opportunities in the city.
How did the Seventeenth Amendment change the election process for U.S. senators?
This bill made there be only 2 senators from each state.
Who were the muckrakers?
They were people who exposed the corruption in society.
What three countries came under some form of U.S. control as a result of the Spanish-American War?
Cuba, Philippines, and Hawaii.
In 1900 the United States declared an Open Door Policy. What did the policy do?
This let people have equal rights to trade in China.
What was the belief that, "it was America's God given destiny to expand from the east coast to the west coast?"
How did Mark Twain and some other Americans feel about the U.S. occupying Philippines?
They felt it was not right.
They felt it was not right.
What is imperialism?
The rapid expansion of an empire.
What two territories were admitted into the United States in 1959?
Alaska and Hawaii
Which three reason stimulated U.S. imperialism? (m&ms)
Military, markets and social superiority.
Which idea expressed in the Monroe Doctrine?.
The european powers should not interfere over in the Americas.
What equality did American women gain during World War I?
They got better jobs and the right to vote
What court case set the test for whether free speech could be limited constitutionally if it presented a 'clear and present danger?'
Schenck v the United States
What is the belief that US should not be involved with foreign countries?
What ship sunk in 1915 carrying passengers and weapons for the Allies?
How did the US finance the war?
What is a war called that is fought through trying to outlasting the other side in both human and material resources?
War of attrition.
What is it called if you don't take sides in a war or conflict?
What is the media material designed to persuade the public to support the war called?
What gov't agency controlled and organized the economy during the war?
War industries board
What was the most compelling reason (biggest reason) for the United States to enter the war?
The sinking of the Lusitania
Why did many African American move from the South to the North during the Great War?
They moved to get better jobs and rights.
How did the Espionage and Sedition Acts affected freedom of speech?
They disallowed people to say things that hurt the war effort
The Treaty of Versailles required which nation to pay $33 billion in war reparations?
Why was the war not only between Austria-Hungary and Serbia?
Many people had alliances
What reason did Senators give for opposing U.S. membership in the League of Nations?
We needed to maintain neutrality
Britain, France, and Germany competed for colonies in Africa and Asia. Which MAIN cause of war is this an example of?
Which nation suffered the fewest casualties? Why?
The United States.
What are three different names the war was called in 1918?
The Great War, the war to end wars, the war to make the world safe for democracy
What did the Selective Service Act do?
Had men sign up for the draft to be put in military service in times of war.
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