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Arts and Humanities
Chapter 4 Test Review WC
Terms in this set (39)
Where did the Minoan civilization arise?
Crete was the home to the Minoan civilization.
Where was the palace, which was home to the Minoan rulers?
The palace was located at Knossos.
What did the Minoans and Mycenaeans have in common?
Both people were sea traders.
What is the name of the war between the Myceaneans and the people of Troy?
The Myceaneans fought Troy in the Trojan War.
According to the legend, what started the Trojan War?
The Trojan prince, Paris, kidnapped Helen, the beautiful wife of a Greek king.
What straits did Troy control?
Troy was in present-day Turkey and controlled the vital straits between the Mediterranean and Black Seas.
Who wrote the two poems titled the Iliad and the Odyssey?
Homer wrote the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Where is Odysseus trying to go during the Odyssey?
Odysseus is trying to return home to his faithful wife after the fall of Troy.
How was the geography of Ancient Greece different from other ancient civilizations?
Ancient Greece was formed from a major river valley and utilized the sea to sustain life.
How did the geography of Ancient Greece influence the city-states?
The geography isolated the city-states allowing them to set up their own communities and governments.
What is a monarchy?
A government in which a hereditary ruler exercises central power.
What is an aristocracy?
A government in which there is rule by hereditary landholding elite.
What is an oligarchy?
A government in which power is in the hand of a small, wealthy elite.
What is a democracy?
A government in which it is governed by the people.
How was democracy in Athens limited?
Athenian democracy was limited in that only citizens, or landowning men, could participate in government.
What was the major military innovation of the Athenians?
Naval dominance was a trademark of the Athenian military. The TRIREME was a super fast galley that was different from everything else at the time.
What was the major military innovation of the Spartans?
A major innovation by the Spartans was the PHALANX; a massive tactical formation of heavily armed foot soldiers.
What was the military and educational training of an Athenian like?
The primary purpose of Athenian accreditation was to produce thinks, people well-trained, in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace of war. Young Athenian boys were tutored at home until the age of six or seven, and then they were sent to neighborhood schools for primary education until they were 14 years of age. Athenian girls were not officially schooled, however, they were allowed to learn in the privacy of their own homes, but as a result, most Athenian women had primarily domestic educations.
What was the military and educational training of a Spartan like?
Training for the military began at age 7, and all Spartan boys had to leave home to go to military school. At age 20, Spartan men had to pass a series of demanding tests of physical prowess and leadership abilities. Those that passed became members of the Spartan military, and lived in barracks with the other soldiers. They were allowed to take a wife, but they weren't allowed to live with her. They became full citizens of Sparta at age 30, provided they had served honorably. They were required to continue serving the military until age 60.
How were women treated differently in Sparta than in Athens?
In Sparta, women had a rigorous upbringing and were permitted to inherit land. In Athens, women were kept to the house and isolated.
Where did the Greeks believed the gods lived?
Mount Olympus in northern Greece
What was what a Greek city-state was called?
Athens used an alliance in its fights against Persia called the Delian League. What is an alliance?
A formal agreement between two or more nations or powers to cooperate and come to one another's defense.
Describe the events of the Persian War (hint: 9 main events).
1- Persians conquered a huge empire in Asia, including the Greek city-state Ionia.
2- Athens sent ships to help the Ionians. The Persians decided to punish them.
3- The Persians invaded Athens, but the Athenians, although outnumbered were victorious.
4- The Athenian leader Themistocles knew they would come back to battle again.
5- Athens joined with Sparta and other Greek city-states to form the Delian League and fight another Persian invasion.
6- When the Persians arrived as Themistocles predicted they were greeted by Spartan warriors.
7- The Persians defeated the Spartans and moved to Athens, but it was empty. It's inhabitants had fled.
8- Athenians led Persian ships into a narrow strait and sunk them.
9- The Persian invasion ended when the Greeks defeated them on land.
When was the golden age of Athens?
The golden age of Athens was from 460 BC- 429 BC under the leadership of Pericles.
Who fought in the Peloponnesian War?
All of the Greek city-states fought in the Peloponnesian War, including Athens and Sparta.
Who won the Peloponnesian War?
What is the most famous example of Greek architecture?
What two types of drama were portrayed in Greek drama?
Comedies and tragedies
How did Greek sculpture change by 450 BC?
By 450 BC, Greek sculptures had developed a new style that emphasized more natural forms.
What were people called who use reason to find causes for events?
Who was Plato's most famous student who analyzed forms of government?
Who was Socrates?
A Greek philosopher and stonemason; questioned people's beliefs, challenging them to think deeply and seek truth.
How did Alexander the Great expand his empire and spread Greek culture throughout the realm?
Alexander conquered Persia and gained control of Asia Minor, Palestine, and Babylon. The Greek culture spread amongst the people there.
What were the regions called that were conquered by Alexander?
Asia Minor, Palestine, and Babylon: the Hellenistic World
What city was the cultural capital of the Hellenistic world?
What were some of the advancements during the Hellenistic age?
Some of the advancements made during the Hellenistic age were
What state would emerge during the Hellenistic period and later replace Greece as the dominant Mediterranean power?
What happened to Alexander's empire after his death?
No leader was strong enough to succeed, so it got broken up and never reunited.
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