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Anatomy/Physiology Semester One Final
Terms in this set (146)
The study of the function of the body and the body parts is called:
Which of the following is the correct sequence, going from simplest to most complex, in the levels of structural organization of the human body:
chemical level, cellular level, tissue level, organ level, organ system level, organismal level
Which of these structures is most complex:
The system that takes in oxygen and releases carbon dioxide to the exterior is the:
The system that controls and coordinates the body through hormones is the:
The muscular system consists of the:
The ovary is part of which of the following two systems:
reproductive and endocrine systems
Which of the following is NOT a necessary life function:
Which of the following systems is matched most accurately to the life function it provides:
nervous system - responsiveness
Which of the following elements of a control system detects a change:
In anatomical position:
the body is erect with the feet parallel and the arms hanging at the sides with the palms facing forward
Which of the following orientation and directional terms have the same meaning 9in humans):
anterior and ventral
Which of the following orientation terms have opposite meanings (in humans):
distal and proximal
Which of the following regional terms means the anterior surface of the elbow:
Sarah fell asleep while ice skating and broke a bone in her carpal region. Where is this region?
In describing the relationship between the patellar and popliteal regions:
the patellar region is anterior to the popliteal region
The lungs and heart are in the ______ body cavity.
The gluteal region is the:
The region that contains the navel is the:
The dorsal body cavity houses the:
spinal cord and brain
Which of these regions are associated with the parts of the arm:
brachial, antecubital, carpal
A section that divides the body on the longitudinal plane into equal right and left parts is called:
Which ventral cavity subdivision has no bony protection:
Which of these regions in the abdominopelvic cavity are medial:
epigastric, umbilical, and hypogastric regions
The stomach, liver, intestines, bladder, rectum, and reproductive organs are housed in the:
T/F? The highest level of structural organization in humans is the organ level.
T/F? The endocrine system is the fast-acting body control system.
T/F? The spleen and the tonsils are part of the digestive system.
T/F? Excretion is the process of removing wastes from the body.
T/F? Most homeostatic control mechanisms are negative are negative feedback reactions.
T/F? As body temperature drops below normal, chemical reactions proceed too rapidly and body proteins begin to break down.
T/F? The heel of the foot constitutes the plantar region.
T/F? Proximal means farther from the origin of a body part.
T/F? The hypogastric region is directly superior to the umbilical region.
T/F? The thoracic cavity is part of the ventral body cavity.
T/F? The spinal cavity is part of the ventral body cavity.
T/F? There is no physical structure that separates the abdominal cavity from the pelvic cavity.
toward the side
away from the body surface
farther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body
toward the midline
close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
in front of
Slow-acting body control system
Site of hematopoiesis
Responds to stimuli (internal and external)
Inactive energy is referred to as:
An atom with 11 protons, 12 neutrons, and 10 electrons is a(n):
Ninety-six percent of the human body is composed of the elements:
carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen
The simplest atom- containing one proton, one electron, and no neutrons- is:
Atomic mass is equivalent to the number of _____ in an atom.
protons and neutrons
Which of these elements composes bone:
An atom with an atomic number of 14 will have ____ electrons in its valence shell.
Which of the following statements is correct regarding the electrical charge of subatomic particles:
protons are positively charged, electrons
An atom has 6 protons, 8 neutrons, and 6 electrons. Its atomic mass is:
The atomic number of an atom reveals the number of:
protons in the atomic nucleus
The subatomic particles that are responsible for the chemical behavior of atoms are the:
What is the atomic number of the atom in Figure 2.2:
When a pair of electrons is shared equally between two atoms, the bond formed is called a(n):
nonpolar covalent bond
Which of these examples is a compound:
The reaction A + B --> AB is an example of a(n):
Water is useful in body processes because:
it is a good solvent
The joining of amino acids to form a protein is an example of:
a synthesis reaction
Which of the following solutions is the weakest acid:
a solution with a pH of 2.4
a solution with a pH of 5.2
a solution with a pH of 6.4
a solution with a pH of 8.6
a solution with a pH of 10.1
a solution with a pH of 6.4
Which of the following is an example of an inorganic molecule:
a fatty acid
an amino acid
Glucose and starch are examples of:
Which of the following groups of chemicals includes ONLY monosaccharides:
glucose, fructose, galactose
The organic compounds that function in building tissues and acting as enzymes are the:
Which one of the following DNA bases are complementary:
adenine and thymine
Which of the following statements about enzymes is true:
they are biological catalysts
exist as solids at room temperature
Which of the following substances below is matched with its correct organic group:
enzymes - proteins
Enzymes are classified as:
Which of the following statements about RNA is true:
RNA is single stranded
Carbohydrates are built up from their basic building blocks by the:
removal of a water molecule between every two units
Glycogen is the storage form of ______ in animals.
_______ are simples sugars containing between 3 and 7 carbon atoms.
Shell 1 of an atom can hold a maximum of ______ electron(s).
The sugar found in DNA is:
T/F? Stored energy is called potential energy.
T/F? Atoms are the smallest particles of a compound that still retain the properties of that compound.
T/F? Calcium is one of the major elements composing the human body.
T/F? The lower the pH, the greater the number of hydrogen ions.
T/F? When a solution produces equal numbers of hydrogen and hydroxyl ions, it is said to be neutral.
T/F? The normal pH of blood occupies a narrow range around 7.35-7.45.
T/F? Enzymes decrease the rates of chemical reactions.
C, H, O
The illustration of cardiac muscle is ____________.
The illustration of skeletal muscle tissue is____________.
The illustration of stratified squamous epithelium is ____________.
The illustration of simple cuboidal epithelium is____________.
The illustration of simple squamous epithelium is____________.
Which one of the following is NOT true about the cell membrane:
it allows water soluble molecules to pass through easily
Cells that are specialized to fight disease are called:
The site where ribosomes assemble prior to their migration into the cytoplasm is the:
The correct order of phases of the cell cycle is:
interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase
Two types of endocytosis are:
phagocytosis and pinocytosis
A cell whose job is to detoxify harmful or poisonous substances such as alcohol would have
Which of the following is NOT connective tissue:
The molecule that is made during transcription is:
messenger RNA (mRNA)
Perform transcription on this partial sequence of DNA into mRNA: TTA-GCT-ACT
Ribosomes are found:
in the cytoplasm and on the rough endoplasmic reticulum
A cell would plump with water and possibly lyse in which of the following solutions:
Which of the following is NOT an active transport process:
Microvilli are apt to be found in the cells that are specialized for:
If the sequence of nitrogenous bases in one strand of DNA is GTA-GCA, the sequence of bases on its complementary DNA strand would be:
Glands, such as the thyroid, that secrete their products directly into the blood rather than through ducts are classified as:
The phase of cell division during which the chromatids are pulled apart and move to the opposite ends of the cell is:
Goblet cells are found in:
simple columinar epithelium
The molecule that carries an amino acid to the ribosome for incorporation into a protein is:
transfer RNA (tRNA)
The type of muscle found in the walls of hollow organs, such as the stomache, and in the walls of blood vessels is:
The tiny finger-like projections that increase the surface of the cell for quicker absorption are called:
DNA replication takes place during:
Two types of passive transports are:
diffusion and filtration
Which of the following statements about DNA is incorrect?
it has the base uracil instead of thymine
Which cell structure forms an internal framework inside the cell and is made of microtubules, intermediate filaments, and microfilaments:
T/F? When a cell is placed in a hypotonic solution it will swell and may rupture.
T/F? The nonpolar tails of the plasma membrane are hydrophobic.
T/F? Anaphase is the stage of cell division when the cleavage furrow first appears.
T/F? The process of facilitated diffusion requires energy.
T/F? The movement of substances from an area of higher hydrostatic pressure to an area of lower hydrostatic pressure is called diffusion.
T/F? Smooth muscle cells are uninucleated spindle-shaped cells that are voluntary.
T/F? Stratified epithelium consists of one layer of epithelial cells.
T/F? Desmosomes are junctions that allow cell communication.
T/F? Protein synthesis cannot proceed without ribosomes.
T/F? Translation is the stage in protein synthesis during which a complementary mRNA molecule is synthesized from a DNA template.
uses oxygen to detoxify harmful substances
packages substances for release from cell
captures energy to produce ATP
digests worn-out or nonusable cell structures
site of protein synthesis
Type of tissue that has an apical surface and a basement membrane
Type of tissue that can be simple or stratified
Type of tissue that is specialized to contract and produce movement
Type of tissue that consists of living cells surrounded by an extracellular matrix
Type of tissue that is avascular
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