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38 terms

Nomenclature

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Toluene
C6H5-CH3
Napthalene
Connected Benzene rings
tert-Butylbenzene
C6H5-C(CH3)2
Nitrobenzene
C6H5-NO2
xylenes
dimethyl derivatives of benzene
benzenecarbaldehyde or benzaldehyde
C6H5-CH=O
benzenecarboxylic acid or benzoic acid
C6H5-COH=O
Vinylbenzen or Styrene
C6H5-CH=CH2
Methyl phenyl ketone or Acetophenone
C6H5-C=O- -CH3
Benzenol or Phenol
C6H5-OH
Methoxybenzene or Anisole
C6H5-OCH3
Benenamine or Aniline
C6H5-NH2
Benzyl group
C6H5CH2-
ethane
2carbons
propane
3carbons
butane
4carbons
pentane
5carbons
hexane
6carbons
heptane
7carbons
octane
8carbons
nonane
9carbons
decane
10carbons
Ethers
CH3CH2OCH2CH3
Aldehydes
CH3CH=O
Ketones
CH3C=OCH3
Carboxylic acids
CH3COH=O
Acid anhydrides
CH3C=OOC=OCH3
Esters
CH3C=OOCH2CH3
Amides
CH3C=ONHCH3
Amines
CH3CH2NH2
Isopropyl
H3C-CH-CH3
Hydroxy
OH as one of several subunits on benzene
Furan
C4H4O
Thiophene
C4H4S
Pyrrole
C4H4NH
Pyridine
C5H5N
Occurs when an electron rich species is attracted to an electron poor species (electrophile). Substitution reaction carried out with nucleophile commonly in Na2CO3 or acetic acid
Nucleophilic Substitution
A conjugate addition reaction of a conjugatede diene to an alkene (the dienophile) to produce a cylohexene. Usually req. heat
Diels-Alder reaction