How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Honors English Oedipus Test

STUDY
PLAY
Aristotle
(384-322), 4th century BC, defined tragedy
Catharsis
Purification that brings emotional relief or renewal
Tragedy
Depiction of some catastrophic, realistic action that will arouse pity and fear in the one who sees it, and purge him of an accumulation of upsetting emotions
Tragedy is...
An imitation of an action that is serious, complete, of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of artistic ornament; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions
Playwright's purpose
Showing the audience a general truth about life
Protagonist's error/frailty
Weakness that most people have
Hamartia
A tragic flaw or tragic error in judgement; Oedipus kills Lauis
Hubris
That pride or overconfidence which leads a man to overlook a divine warning, or to break a moral law
Hero of a tragedy
Hero must be in a high social position, must posses a tragic flaw, which brings disaster
Reversal
The character's actions turn on him or discovery (the character moves from ignorance to knowledge); Oedipus realizes he killed his father/married his mother
Three unities
Place, time, and action
Place
The action represented is limited to one location
Time
The time represented as passing be no more than one day
Action
Nothing that is necessary is left out; nothing that is unnecessary is included
Form of tragedies
Prologue, parados, epeisodion, stasimon, and exodos
Prologue
Introduced the play and story
Parados
Song that brought on the chorus
Epeisodion
Usually five; passage of dialogue among characters that alternated with the stasimon
Stasimon
Chorus chanted or sang its part with music, and moved at the same time; strophe as they moved to the left; antistrophe as they moved to the right
Exodos
Took the chorus offstage and ended the play
Sophocles
(497-406) man of many talents, interested in civic affairs and became treasurer of athens, wrote over a hundred scripts and won eighteen Dionysia festivals, introduced a third actor and reduced the size of the chorus to fifteen
Corinth
Place where Oedipus was raised by his foster parents, Polybus and Merope
Thebes
Place where Oedipus was born, where his real parents Lauis and Jocasta live
Abae
An ancient town in the country of Phocis which was famous for its temple and oracle of Apollo
Amphitrite
Wife of the god Poseidon and goddess of the sea. She was the mother of Triton
Bacchus
Earlier called Dionysus. Greek and Roman god of wine and revelry
Cadmus
King of Phoenicia, founded Thebes along with five other men
Cithaeron
Lofty mountain range separating Boeotia from Megaris and Attica; sacred to Dionysus; associated with Oedipus because that's where he was found
Maenads
Bacchanites, "mad" because they were frenzied in their worship to Bacchus
Pan
A son of Hermes; god of the shepherds and the flocks, loved music and invented the syrinx or shepherd's flute; led the nymph's in dance, but frightened people because he has the legs and horns of a goat
Parnassus
Mountain range in southern Greece
Phythia
Priestess of Delphi who uttered the revelations of Apollo
Creon
Jocasta's brother who becomes the custodion of Thebes after what happens with Oedipus
Jocasta
Oedipus mother and wife who hangs herself after finding out the truth about him
Lauis
Oedipus' father who was killed by Oedipus
Three highways meet
Place where Oedipus killed his father
Tiresias
The blind prophet of Thebes who revealed to Oedipus that Oedipus had murdered his father and married his mother
Aphorism
A brief statement of truth; "Seek and you shall find only that escapes which was never pursued"
Dramatic irony
A contradiction between what a character thinks and what the reader or audience knows to be true
Paradox
Seeming contradiction that proves to be true; "eyeless seer"
Metaphor
Comparison not using like or as