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US His Key Terms Chp3

STUDY
PLAY
cash crop
a readily salable crop that is grown and gathered for the market (as vegetables or cotton or tobacco)
plantation
Large estate farmed by many workers
indentured servant
a person who is bonded or contracted to work for another for a specified time
gentry
the most powerful members of a society
subsistence farming
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer without surpluses for marketing
Middle Passage
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade
slave code
the laws passed in the Southern States that controlled and restricted enslaved people
town meeting
government of a town by an assembly of the qualified voters
selectmen
People elected to supervise a town.
bill of exchange
a document ordering the payment of money
triangular trade
the transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, Europe, the West Indies, and the colonies in the Americas
artisan
a skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft
entrepreneur
someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
capitalist
a person who invests capital in a business (especially a large business)
mercantilism
transactions (sales and purchases) having the objective of supplying commodities (goods and services)
natural rights
rights that belong to all human beings from birth
Enlightenment
education that results in understanding and the spread of knowledge
Great Awakening
religious movement in which in the English colonies - encouraged independent thought
rationalism
the doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct
pietism
17th and 18th-century German movement in the Lutheran Church stressing personal piety and devotion
revival
an evangelistic meeting intended to reawaken interest in religion