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Terms in this set (62)
Written in 1215
First document to limit the government
Petition of Rights
Written in 1628
Told the King of England what he could and could not do
English Bill of rights
Declared the rights of people in England
Commander in Chief/Chief Diplomat/Chief of State
Appoint Cabinet members
Conduct foreign polices
35yrs. old, born citizen, member of a party, 14yr. resident
Term: 8 yrs. (10 MAX)
House of Representatives
# of members: 435
# of representatives depends on state population
Purpose: To pass laws
Requirements: 25 yrs. old, citizen for 7 years, resident of State they represent
# of members: 100 (2 from each state)
Purpose: To pass laws
6 yr. terms
Requirements: 30 yrs. old, U.S. citizen for 9 yrs., Live in state they represent
National and State share power
Bill of Rights
The first 10 amendments stating the rights of a U.S. citizen
Speaker of the House
Presides overt the House of Representatives
Presides over the senate
Requirements: 35 yrs. old, U.S. born citizen, resident of the U.S. for 14 yrs.
Declaration of Independence
1- Describes the rights of a person
2- Why they hated the King
3- Declaring the freedom of the U.S.
Separation of Powers
3 separate branches, 3 separate duties MONTESQUIEU believed this
Every person votes for what they want. The government is ruled by the people
Checks and Balances
How each branch keeps the other in check. No single branch gets too powerful
Powers named in the Constitution
The power in the Judicial branch to declare a law or act unconstitutional
The people hold the power not solely the government
To be like "Umm no"
a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body
A right given to Congress to be able to extend their power for anything "Necessary and Proper"
Represents U.S. in a court case
Cannot deprive a person of life liberty and/or property.
The government has to respect your rights
President and Vice Pres are in charge.
House of Representatives
Has 535 Members
Chief Justices oversees it
Made up of 9 Justices
House of Representatives:435
Major crime punished by over a year in jail
The final decision
A crime punished by under a year of jail time
A crime punished by a fine
Our first president
Was a military general
the presiding judge in a supreme court.
People who supported the Constitution
Wrote the Federalists papers
People against the constitution and afraid of large government
John G. Roberts
CURRENT chief justice of the U.S.
Secretaries,chosen by the President, that head MAJOR departments . EX: Department of Agriculture
Ordering a person to be brought before a court
People vote for representatives to head their government (We have this)
People SHOULD be allowed to break their contract with the government
A jury that decides if there is enough evidence for a case to go to trial
A jury that cant come up with a verdict
People SHOULD NOT be allowed to break their contract with the government
3 Branches of Government
Government must follow a specific procedure in trials and arrests
A formal charge against someone
Money usually awarded to the winning side of a court for damages
a formal process in which an official is accused of unlawful activity
The court where the case is originally heard
Wrote the declaration of independence and wast he 3rd president
Articles of Confederation
The thing before the constitution
It didn't work out because it had a weak central government
a procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before his or her term has ended
someone hired by a business or a cause to persuade legislators to support that business
a state in which supreme power is held by the people
a sovereign state governed as a single entity. The central government is supreme
Commander in Chief of National Guard( Stat militia)
Head of Executive Branch
Head of Senate
nations with a federal system of government that are shared by both the federal government and each constituent political unit (such as a state or province).
Writ of Centiorari
re-examination of actions of a trial court, or inferior appeals court.
political convention held every four years in the United States by most of the political parties who will be fielding nominees in the upcoming U.S. presidential election.
Preamble states what it is for.
States rights of U.S. citizen and how government should be run
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