The process by which a fetus's metabolism, hormone production, and other physiological processes shift in response to inadequate energy intake during pregnancy is called the ________ theory.
Which of the following is NOT a maternal benefit of breastfeeding?
shortens the intervals between pregnancies
At what point during pregnancy is adequate folate MOST important?
during the first four weeks after conception
The primary cause of gastroesophageal reflux and constipation during pregnancy is
relaxation of the smooth muscles