East Asia Test
Terms in this set (49)
Mandate of Heaven
linked power and responsibility. Chose leaders and gave good or bad luck.
symbols to express ideas such as beauty, joy, and justice
rise and fall of ruling families
the duty and respect that children owe their children
founder of Daoism
founder of Legalism
"First Emperor" of china, believed in Legalist principals, built the Great Wall.
one of China's best-known writers, a Tang poet
grandson of Genghiz Khan, extended Mongol power over all of China.
built by Shi Hunagdi, 1,500 miles long, used to protect China against invaders
The Tenno Clan
led japan as a dynasty and claimed to be descendants of the sun goddess, stayed in power for awhile, because japan didn't want to upset a god and wanted gods as leaders
sent a group of Japanese nobles to China to study the Chinese culture
a set of written symbols that represent syllables
a family that gained land wealth and eventually ruled Japan, emporer was just a figure when they did
the strongest military figure in Japan
brought all of Japan under his control, tried invading Korea and then China but failed
Hideyoshi's successor, claimed the title of shogun
warrior knights who waged fierce battles for control of the land
local lords ruled the land, peasants farmed that land, but they were bound to higher lords and the emperor by ties of loyalty
chief general of the army
the name for a great samurai
an early Japanese religion that had no sacred writings or organized set of beliefs
emphasized mediation and self-discipline, as followed by the samurai
ritual suicide, a samurai performs this if he brought dishonor to his lord or to his family
Korea's golden age was during this dynasty's rule
under this dynasty, Buddhism reached its height, the Chinese civil service examinations were introduces, and Japan attacked Korea
set up the Choson dynasty
an alphabet of the Korean language
Korea at the time discouraged relationships with countries other than China
March 1st Movement
Korean nationalists held a huge peaceful demonstration to demand independence afer Japan annexed. 2,000 killed and 19,000 jailed
a policy of avoiding foreign contacts
to add a territory to one's own country
What were the 3 main schools of thought that developed in China?
daoism, confucianism, and legalism:
What values did each ism emphasize?
Confucianism was all about behavior and respect. Daoism was about connection be man and nature the less ruled the better. Legalism was structered though reward and punishment
Why did Buddhism appeal to the Chinese?
Buddhism made chinese feel comterable because buddhism offered an escape from the suffering of the earthly life. It offered salvation for the good and suffering for the bad after life
How is the spread of Buddhism to China an example of cultural diffusion? (The spreading of culture)
Because buddhism was shared from india to china and practiced by many in chinese culture
How did Chinese civilization advance under the Han?
Han used the armies to keep peace, made roads to keep trade with india, and brought the idea of Buddhism over from india Civil service exam/system was invented under Han dynasty.
Why are the Tang and Song dynasties considered to be China's golden ages?
China had peace and the economy was doing great
How did Mongol rule affect China?
It didn't feel good to chinese citizens, because mongol was strict and Mongolia put Mongols in high ranks, first time china was ruled by foreigners. Mongols didn't try to bring China into their culture
What effect did political unity have on the Chinese civilization?
When China united as a nation the country grew as a whole. There weren't any disagreements to slow them down. They grew the Great Wall of China, made roads and more.
List 3 ways in which Chinese culture influenced Japan.
- buddhism was introduced
- they adapted chinese script and made it their first language
- music dance and architechture were brought in too
Give one example of how the Japanese adapted Chinese culture to their own traditions.
Japan used chinese script as their first language, and when creating a new language of their own, they used chinese script as a base language and even kept some script.
Describe the structure of Japanese feudal society.
Everybody needed everybody. Peasants made food and clothes for the knights and lords. The knights provided protection for the peasants and lord. The lord provided leadership, order, and land. Lord owed loyalty to emporer and the emporer provided land and order in return
How did the Tokugawa shoguns isolate Japan?
Didn't allow anyone in or out of Japan, isolation, stopped trade
What happened to Korea during the Age of Imperialism?
Put Korea in a new struggle, many large powers wanted Korea to open its doors, and with the Choson dynasty in decline, they couldn't resist imperial powers
How did Buddhism and Confucianism affect Korean culture?
Buddhism came and spread quickly many temples and buddhist, so many Koreans behaved good and though about afterlife. When confucianism replaced it, korean relationships in family, community and government all improved.
What restrictions governed the lives of commoners?
Prosperity allowed commoners to get rich, but they couldn't move up in social ladder. Peasants were loyal to samuri
What were the basic beliefs of Shinto?
Japanese believed in spirits or kami and believed spirits lived everywhere and controlled everything
Why did the Tokugawa shoguns create the system of centralized feudalism? How did this system produce economic and social changes?
His goal of peace in mind the Tokugawa shoguns kept feudal classes the same but made samuri under their controll. This led to the growth of cities because samari's were required to go and pray in cities. many more markets were created which boosted trade
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