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65 terms

Test 3

Romantic Period
STUDY
PLAY
The Romantic Period
1820-1900
Emotion, Symbolism, Subconcious, Subjective, Personal, Tension, Passion, Irrational, Supernatural
What is the most "romantic" art form
Music; intangible can't hold a chord
Boundlessness
Romantic music aspires to transcend "time-space reality"
a. experssion of inexpressible
b. fulfill nonrefillable
c. attain unattainable
Personality of the artist
reflects artwork
Attraction to nature
Response to Industrial Revolution
Mendel
Genetics Agriculture
Mendelecv
Periodic Table
Darwin
Natural Selection
Bell
Phone
Edison
Phonograph, Light Bulb
Pasteur
Bacteria Sterilizing
Maxwell/Faraday
Light ware, Electrical Magnet
Freud
Psychology
Art Song
Solo voice, piano accompaniment, Piano establishes mood
intimacy of expression
Lied (Lieder)
Strophic Song Form
the SAME music is used to accompany ALL verses of text
Through-Composed Form
DIFFERENT music is used with each part of text
Song Cycle
Collection of songs based on a simple story or simple poem
Schubert
Composer of Art Songs (600+)
Composer of "Unfinished" Symphony
struggled to make ends meet supported by friends
Died of Syphilis at 31
"Wondern"
From "Die Scheme Millerin"
Example of Strophic Song Form
"Erl King"
Through-Composed Form
Robert Schumann
music critic and concert pianist turned to composing after device used to strengthen this finger left him crippled suffering mental illness from syphilis attempted suicide spending last 2 years in mental hospitial
Aufschwung (Soaring)
Impulsive and dramatically passionate side of personality
Chopin
composer of piano music Polish-French
Polonaise in A-Flat (Heroic)
Noble piano piece Chopin's Polish pride in Polish dance
Muzurka in B-Flat Minor
whimsical piece Polish dance showing Chopin's moody temperment
Clara Schumann
wife of Robert Gifted pianist but gave up for family `
Brahms
High priestess of piano and long life friend of Clara Schumann
Nocturne (from Evening Entertainment)
composed when she was 16 dreamy shows Chopin's style
Program Music
instruments attempt to potray something not musical
Absolute Music
just musical ideas
Symphonic Poem
single movement orchestral music depicting a story form is "free"
Program Symphony
multi-movement ochrestral bears title with every movement having title
Concerto Overture
beginning of concert differs from symphonic poem in Sonata form
Incidental Music
instrumental music to accompany drama
Berlioz
Emotionally unstable bipolar composer Program Symphony (Symphonie Fantastique) based on hallcination attempted suicide with Opium
He wrote 1st textbook on "Orchestrtion"
Berlioz
Symphonie Fantastique
As a program symphony symphony is unified by fixed reoccurs in every movement represents beloved actress Harriet Smithson
Movement IV March to the Scaffold
heroic figure faced with guillotine and ends with head chopped off
Movement V Dream of Witches Sabbath
Ghoulish strange music depicts nightmare of Hell beloved dancing with witches
Liszt
greatest pianist of Romantic Period idolized 1st rock star of time
Invented solo piano recital and Symphonic Poem "Les Preludes"`
Liszt "The Little Bell"
Nationalism
1800s saw a rise in this in music especially among lesser countries of Europe dominated by bigger countries (Austro-Hungarian Empire)
The Moldau
symphonic poem sights of river inception as 2 springs moves majestically through capital, Prague
Dvorak Bohemia
student of Smetana who came to America and wrote a symphony capturing some of the sights and sounds of the country The New World Symphony
great supporter of African American music
Felix Mendelssohn
born wealthy prodominant jewish sister Franny was also good composer re-discovery of Bach's St.Mathews Passion played after 100 years of being lost
Violin Conerto I
This works is great e. of Romantic Concerto melody reigns supreme
Barahms
significant Romantic Period composer follwed Beethoven serious profound complex but tender and romantic moved into Schumanns help Clara Classical Romanticist
Requiem
Mass for the Dead Latin text derived from Medieval Period missing are Guria and Credo but added texts
Brahms A German Requiem
Composed after death of Schumann and composers mother comfort for living
Fourth Movement How lonely is the dwelling place Symphony No. 3 III
In a broad ABA form movements broadening waltz in minor key with contrasting but serious middle section
Taha Kavskey
One of the most popular of all classical composers directly from his heart NOT hounded bu homosexual guilt as most text say him Very recent research following the lifting of Russian censorship suggests that he wasn't troubled by his homosexuality
Nutcracker Ballot Suite was
One of Taha Kavskey's most famous works
Piano Concerto No.1
One of Taha Kavskey's most famous pieces
Romeo and Juliet Fantasy: Overture
Magically depicts the two families and the love between R&J Death Funeral Romantically expresses but the return of love theme at the end reminds NOTHING CAN KILL LOVE
Verdi
most important italian opera composer of this time The Lion of Opera
Rigoleto
La Traviata
Aida
La Donne Mobile
famous aria from Rigoletto
Requiem Mass
once Verdi greatest opera dramatic impact
Wagner
German composer of time musical genius but jerk anti-sematic ruthless used/abused people musical dramas
lettmotifs
leadin motives musical fragment descibing something
The Ring of the Nibeling
4 operas based upon Norse mythology
The Ride of the Volkyies
from the Ring Cycle
Tristan and Isolde
Liebestool (lore death) good example of Wagner style
Piccini
late 19th century italian opera composer associated with Verismo (realism) not mythical heros everyday life
Boheme and Madame Butterfly
Un bel di
one lovely day aria from Madame Butterfly
Mahlar
greatest romance symphony composer last unfinished 10th symphony reflects breakdown every symphony was universal sublome and grotesque