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The Romantic Period
Emotion, Symbolism, Subconcious, Subjective, Personal, Tension, Passion, Irrational, Supernatural
Romantic music aspires to transcend "time-space reality"
a. experssion of inexpressible
b. fulfill nonrefillable
c. attain unattainable
Solo voice, piano accompaniment, Piano establishes mood
intimacy of expression
Composer of Art Songs (600+)
Composer of "Unfinished" Symphony
struggled to make ends meet supported by friends
Died of Syphilis at 31
music critic and concert pianist turned to composing after device used to strengthen this finger left him crippled suffering mental illness from syphilis attempted suicide spending last 2 years in mental hospitial
Emotionally unstable bipolar composer Program Symphony (Symphonie Fantastique) based on hallcination attempted suicide with Opium
As a program symphony symphony is unified by fixed reoccurs in every movement represents beloved actress Harriet Smithson
Movement IV March to the Scaffold
heroic figure faced with guillotine and ends with head chopped off
Movement V Dream of Witches Sabbath
Ghoulish strange music depicts nightmare of Hell beloved dancing with witches
1800s saw a rise in this in music especially among lesser countries of Europe dominated by bigger countries (Austro-Hungarian Empire)
symphonic poem sights of river inception as 2 springs moves majestically through capital, Prague
student of Smetana who came to America and wrote a symphony capturing some of the sights and sounds of the country The New World Symphony
great supporter of African American music
born wealthy prodominant jewish sister Franny was also good composer re-discovery of Bach's St.Mathews Passion played after 100 years of being lost
significant Romantic Period composer follwed Beethoven serious profound complex but tender and romantic moved into Schumanns help Clara Classical Romanticist
Mass for the Dead Latin text derived from Medieval Period missing are Guria and Credo but added texts
Fourth Movement How lonely is the dwelling place Symphony No. 3 III
In a broad ABA form movements broadening waltz in minor key with contrasting but serious middle section
One of the most popular of all classical composers directly from his heart NOT hounded bu homosexual guilt as most text say him Very recent research following the lifting of Russian censorship suggests that he wasn't troubled by his homosexuality
Romeo and Juliet Fantasy: Overture
Magically depicts the two families and the love between R&J Death Funeral Romantically expresses but the return of love theme at the end reminds NOTHING CAN KILL LOVE
most important italian opera composer of this time The Lion of Opera
German composer of time musical genius but jerk anti-sematic ruthless used/abused people musical dramas
late 19th century italian opera composer associated with Verismo (realism) not mythical heros everyday life
Boheme and Madame Butterfly
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