sociology final ch.14

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Terms in this set (...)

Acute diseases
have a sudden onset and may be curable or fatal.
Chronic diseases
develop over a long period of time and may not be detected until their later stages.
Curative or crisis medicine
treats the disease once it has become apparent. Preventive medicine aims to avoid or forestall the onset of disease by making lifestyle changes.
Preventative medicine
aims to avoid or forestall the onset of disease by making lifestyle changes.
Palliative care
focuses on symptom and pain relief and on providing a nurturing and supportive environment to those suffering from a serious illness or at the end of life.
Hospice
a home providing care for the sick, especially the terminally ill.
Medicalization
is the process by which issues or behaviors once seen as personal problems come to be seen as medical issues.
Epidemiology
the study of social aspects of disease patterns.
Epidemic
When a disease becomes markedly more common in a particular area in a short period of time
Pandemic
disease outbreak spreads over a wide geographic area
vector organisms
is any agent (person, animal, or microorganism) that carries and transmits an infectious pathogen into another living organism.
Food deserts
where people have little access to healthy or fresh food, are concentrated in low-income neighborhoods.
deprivation amplification
where individuals' health risks are magnified by social conditions.
Sick role
refers to the actions and attitudes generally expected from someone who is sick.
Health Care Reform
is a general rubric used for discussing major health policy creation or changes—for the most part, governmental policy that affects health care delivery in a given place.
Cultural competence
is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency or among professionals and enable that system, agency or those professions to work effectively in cross-cultural situations.
Complementary medicine
refers to healing practices and products that work in conjunction with traditional medicine
Alternative medicine
any of a range of medical therapies that are not regarded as orthodox by the medical profession, such as herbalism, homeopathy, and acupuncture.
Integrative medicine
takes account of the whole person, including all aspects of lifestyle. It emphasizes the therapeutic relationship between practitioner and patient, is informed by evidence, and makes use of all appropriate therapies.
Eugenics
the science of improving a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics.
Bioethics
is the study of ethical issues that arise from advancements in medical science.
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