sociology final ch.15
Terms in this set (29)
is the study of the size of, composition of, distribution of, and changes in human population.
the average number of births per 1,000 people in the population
the average number of deaths per 1,000 people in the population
infant mortality rates
the average number of deaths per 1,000 live births
the average age to which a person can expect to live.
the movement of people from one geographic area to another for the purpose of resettling
is the movement of people into a destination country to which they are not native or do not possess its citizenship in order to settle or reside there,
is the act of leaving one's resident country with the intent to settle elsewhere.
refers to human migration within one geopolitical entity, usually a nation.
is the net total of migrants during the period, that is, the total number of immigrants less the annual number of emigrants, including both citizens and noncitizens.
stated that exponential population growth would outpace arithmetic growth in food production and other resources.
generally refers to people with the same basic concerns as Malthus, who advocate population control programs, to ensure resources for current and future populations.
believe that family planning (contraception or any other method of controlling family size and birth of children) and other changes will eventually cause population shrinkage.
refers to the movement of increasing numbers of people from rural areas to urban areas. The wide-scale development of cities was made possible by the significant social, economic, and political changes accompanying the Industrial Revolution.
is an urban area with a large population, usually 500,000 to 1,000,000 people
megalopolis (or megacity)
is a group of densely populated metropolises that grow dependent on each other and eventually combine to form a huge urban complex.
is the shift of large segments of population away from the urban core and toward the edge of cities.
is a derogatory term applied to the expansion of urban or suburban boundaries, associated with irresponsible or poorly planned development.
which entails the transformation of poor inner-city neighborhoods into more affluent middle-class communities.
decreasing importance of social ties and community and the corresponding increase in impersonal associations and instrumental logic
a social situation that emphasizes individualism over collective or group identities
is modern folklore and a story that is believed (incorrectly) to be true and is widely spread because it expresses concerns, fears, and anxieties about the social world.
the social dynamic wherein the more people that are present in a moment of crisis, the less likely any one of them is to take action
the study of human populations and their impact on the natural world
is the study of the interaction between society and the natural environment, including the social causes and consequences of environmental problems.
a social movement organized around concerns about the relationship between humans and the environment
has emerged in response to perceived blind spots in the larger mainstream groups. They organizers focus on local action and community involvement.
Modern environmental movement
arose in the mid-twentieth century in response to ecological disasters that threaten public health and safety.
rew in the 1980s as the movement consolidated and lobbied government about environmental concerns.
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