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AP EURO REVIEW: Age of Exploration
Terms in this set (16)
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
Spanish explorer who became the first European to see the Pacific Ocean in 1510 while exploring Panama
Portuguese leader of an expedition to India; blown off course in 1500 and landed in Brazil
Bartholomew de las Casas
A Spanish priest, who wrote about the atrocities committed by Spanish settlers in the New World.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)
(1487-1488) Portuguese, first European to reach the southern tip of Africa in 1488.
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella
Ferdinand of Aragon and Isablella of Casille were the monarchs who united Spain in 1469 when they married. Responsible for the success of the reconquista in 1492., King and Queen of Spain who sponsored Columbus' journey to New World
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Prince Henry the Navigator
(1394-1460) Prince of Portugal who established an observatory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
Treaty of Tordesillas
a 1494 agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
(1200-1521) 1300, they settled in the valley of Mexico. Grew corn. Engaged in frequent warfare to conquer others of the region. Worshipped many gods (polytheistic). Believed the sun god needed human blood to continue his journeys across the sky. Practiced human sacrifices and those sacrificed were captured warriors from other tribes and those who volunteered for the honor.
a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
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