20 terms

APES Legislation/Agreements

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Clean Air Act
1970- law that established national standards for states, strict auto emissions guidelines, and regulations, which set air pollution standards for private industry
Clean Water Act
(CWA, 1972) set maximum permissible amounts of water pollutants that can be discharged into waterways; aims to make surface waters swimmable and fishable
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species
(CITES) (1973) lists species that cannot be commercially traded as live specimens or wildlife products
Endangered Species Act
(1973) identifies threatened and endangered species in the U.S., and puts their protection ahead of economic considerations
Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act
Authorizes the FDA of the u.s. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to determine the safety of drugs before marketing and to ensure that certain labeling specifications and standards in advertising are met in the marketing of products.
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act
Requires all pesticides to be regulated and approved by the FDA and creates a pesticide registry.
Federal Water Pollution Control Act
Authorized the surgeon general of the Public Health Service, with others, to prepare comprehensive programs for eliminating or reducing the pollution of interstate waters and tributaries and improving the sanitary condition of surface and underground waters.
Hazardous Material Transportation Act
Governs the transportation of hazardous materials and wastes.
Kyoto Protocol
establishes legally binding commitments for the reduction of four greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, sulfur hexafluoride), and two groups of gases (hydrofluorocarbons and perfluorocarbons) Took place in Rio De Janeiro in 1992
Lacey Act
A conservation law prohibiting the transportation of illegally captured or prohibited animals across state lines. It was the first federal law protecting wildlife, and is still in effect, though it has been revised several times. Today the law is primarily used to prevent the importation or spread of potentially dangerous non-native species.
Mining Act of 1872
United States federal law that authorizes and governs prospecting and mining for economic minerals, such as gold, platinum, and silver, on federal public lands.
Montreal Protocol
an international treaty, signed in 1989, that is designed to protect the ozone layer by phasing out the production of a number of CFCs and other chemical compounds.
National Park Act
(1916) created the National Park Service to oversee the network of national parks under the Department of the Interior.
Nuclear Waste Policy Act
Established both Fed. Gov's responsibility to provide a place for the permanent disposal of high-level radioactive waste and spent nuclear fuel, and the generators' responsibility to bear the costs of permanent disposal.
Occupational Safety and Health act
OSHA was established to ensure the safety and health of America's workers by setting and enforcing standards, providing training, outreach, and education, establishing partnerships, and encouraging continued improvement in workplace safety and health.
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
Passed in 1976, enabled the EPA to have a "cradle to the grave" control over hazardous waste. Pertained to generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. The act also created a framework for the proper management of non-hazardous waste materials.
Safe Drinking Water Act
(SDWA, 1974) set maximum contaminant levels for pollutants in drinking water that may have adverse effects on human health
Stockholm Declaration
United Nations Conference on Human Environment having considered the need for a common outlook and principles to inspire and guide the peoples of the world in the preservation and enhancement of the human environment.
Taylor Grazing Act
A United States federal law that regulates grazing on federal public land. The Secretary of the Interior has the authority to handle all of the regulations, and he became responsible for establishing grazing districts. Before these districts are created there must be a hearing held by the state.
Toxic Substances Control Act
EPA is given the ability to track the 75,000 industrial chemicals currently produced or imported into the United States. EPA repeatedly screens these chemicals and can require reporting or testing of those that may pose an environmental or human-health hazard. EPA can ban the manufacture and import of those chemicals that pose an unreasonable risk.