Chapter 16 Margin Q's

Terms in this set (16)

• In China, Christian missionaries downplayed their mission to convert and were at pains to be respectful of Chinese culture, pointing out parallels between Confucianism and Christianity rather than portraying Christianity as something new and foreign.
• Chinese conversions occurred primarily among those elite scholars who were interested in Western science and who were attracted by the personal lives of the missionaries and by the moral certainty that Christianity offered. While their primary goal was elite conversions, missionaries also attracted a small following among members of the general population who were attracted by tales of miracles attributed to the Christian God. However, there was only limited acceptance of Christianity in China after it became apparent that conversion to Christianity required abandonment of many Chinese practices.
• In the Americas, especially in the Spanish possessions explored in this chapter, the Christian missionary message was more strident and less accommodating, which reflected the reality of European political dominance. Missionaries sought to convert the whole population to the Christian faith, drawing on the political authority of Christian rulers and the disruption in Native American society occasioned by conquest. They were only partially successful, as local populations occasionally resisted their conversion efforts openly but more often worked to blend Christian and indigenous religious traditions and assimilate Christianity into patterns of local culture. Elsewhere in the Americas, African and Christian traditions were blended in religions such as Vodou in Haiti, Santeria in Cuba, and Candomble and Macumba in Brazil.