APUSH Chapter 29&30
Terms in this set (39)
Students for a Democratic Society
founded in Michigan 1962; radical organization wanted to rid American society of poverty, racism, and violence; embraced liberal reforms; advocated participator democracy; individual > group
Berkeley Free Speech Movement
1964-1965 students insisted that the university administration lift a ban on on-campus political activities and acknowledge the students; right to free speech and academic freedom. campus uprising started here
Kent State Jackson State
4 students killed by National Guardsmen after violent protesting in this university, , Black Mississippi College, anti war demonstrators seize womens dorm, unprovoked state police open fire, kill 2 (innocent & unarmed, wound 12)
Youth movement of the 1960s characterized by nonviolent anarchy, concern for the environment, and rejection of Western materialism
3 day rock concert in upstate N.Y. August 1969, exemplified the counterculture of the late 1960s, nearly 1/2M gather in a 600 acre field
Roe v. Wade
(1973) legalized abortion on the basis of a woman's right to privacy
1968; National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces launched a huge attack on the Vietnamese New Year (Tet), which was defeated after a month of fighting and many thousands of casualties; major defeat for communism, but Americans reacted sharply, with declining approval of LBJ and more anti-war sentiment
Lecture, June 27th, 1969, there was a 3 day riot that took place/ Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender patrons at the ... Bar decided to resist arrest., ... Inn - police raided and rioted in a gay bar
He was a Democrat who ran for president in 1968 promoting civil rights and other equality based ideals. He was ultimately assassinated in 1968, leaving Nixon to take the presidency but instilling hope in many Americans.
LBJ's vice president and McCarthy's opposition in 1968 primary after LBJ stepped down. won nomination; not presidency.
1919-1998. Four time governor of Alabama. Most famous for his pro-segregation attitude and as a symbol for states' rights.
My Lai massacre
1968, in which American troops had brutally massacred innocent women and children in the village of My Lai, also led to more opposition to the war.
SALT 1 and 2
Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty, a plan to limit nuclear arms and also increased trade and exchange of scientific information. part of detente
(RN) 1957, Sputnik by Russia, US had Explorer I, and Neil Armstrong had Apollo 11
Pentagon Papers/ Ellsberg
He was a former employee of the Defense Department and gave the New York Times the "Pentagon Paper" which was information on how the US government got involved in Vietnam. Very embarrassing to the government.
Woodward and Bernstein
two reporters for the Washington Post who uncover the Watergate scandal by constant digging and tips from "Deep Throat" bring down Nixon in 1974
Name given to the special investigations committee established along with CREEP in 1971. Its job was to stop the leaking of confidential information to the public and press.
Saturday Night Massacre
dismissal of independent special prosecutor Archibald Cox, and the resignations of Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus during the Watergate scandal 1973
Three Mile Island
1979 - A mechanical failure and a human error at this power plant in Pennsylvania combined to permit an escape of radiation over a 16 mile radius.
Equal Rights Amendment
constitutional amendment passed by Congress but never ratified that would have banned discrimination on the basis of gender
a ceiling based on attitudinal or organizational bias in the work force that prevents minorities and women from advancing to leadership positions
Bakke v. US
student wanted to be admitted into Davis Medical Program; strict quotas were unconstitutional but race is allowed as a factor in admission decisions as long as it is not the only one; affirmative action is constitutional
Moral Majority was a political group made up of fundamentalist Christians. Although not it did not accomplish much, it did show that Americans were starting to worry about the moral fabric of society.
an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
An area in Niagara Falls, NY where seepage from buried toxic wastes contaminated local soil and water. In 1968, President Carter relocated almost all the residents of Love Canal. This incident provided impetus for the 1980 Superfund legislation.
Camp David Accords
A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt where Egypt agreed to recognize the nation state of Israel
Iran Hostage Crisis
In November 1979, revolutionaries stormed the American embassy in Tehran and held 52 Americans hostage. The Carter administration tried unsuccessfully to negotiate for the hostages release. On January 20, 1981, the day Carter left office, Iran released the Americans, ending their 444 days in captivity.
Reagan's theory that if you cut taxes, it will spur the growth of public spending and improve the economy. It included tax breaks for the rich, "supply-side economics," and "trickle down" theory.
a political scandal in the United States which came to light in November 1986, during the Reagan administration, in which senior US figures agreed to facilitate the sale of arms to Iran, the subject of an arms embargo, to secure the release of hostages and to fund Nicaraguan contras.
revolutionary group in Nicaragua that opposed the Sandinistas
Rebel forces in Nicaragua established in the 1960s
wrongdoing that serves to disillusion or harm more vulnerable people
Strategic Defense Initiative
Popularly known as "Star Wars," President Reagan's SDI proposed the construction of an elaborate computer-controlled, anti-missile defense system capable of destroying enemy missiles in outer spaced. Critics claimed that SDI could never be perfected.
Sandra Day O'Connor
first woman supreme court justice. appointed by Reagan
Took over power in Libya at the age of 27 in 1969 after the overthrow of the government. He wanted to be focus of a united Arab world, banned all alcohol, nationalized banks, banned foreign languages, nationalized oil resources and set embargoes against Israel, wrote "Green Book" to explain the faults of democracy. Supplied any rebel Muslim groups with weapons. Created the 600 mi long water pipeline called the "Great Man Made River" which began in 1984
a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine
Jesse Jackson/ Rainbow Coalition
Jackson proposed the rainbow coalition as a group of outsiders who pursue social justice, civil rights and political activism.
Soviet statesman whose foreign policy brought an end to the Cold War and whose domestic policy introduced major reforms (born in 1931)
Democratic Leadership Council
Created by Clinton and other centrist Democrats to point the party away from its traditional anti business, dovish, champion-of-the-underdog orientation and toward pro growth, strong defense, and anti-crime policies.