Chemistry Chapter 7 Ionic Compounds and Metals Study Guide
Terms in this set (51)
Negatively charged ion
Positively charged ion
A mixture of elements that has metallic properties
The force that holds two atoms together
Electrons that are free to move in metals
An ionic compound whose aqueous solution conducts electricity
Electron sea model
Represents the way electrons exist In metals
Shows the simplest ratio of ions in an ionic compound
A mixture formed when small atoms fill holes in a metallic crystal
The electrostatic force that holds oppositely charged particles together
The energy needed to separate the ions of an ionic compound
The attraction of a metallic cation for delocalized electrons
A charged particle containing only one atom
For a monatomic ion, is equal to the charge
A polyatomic ion composed of an element bonded to at least one oxygen atom
A charged particle containing more than one atom
The name for most ionic compounds other than oxides
Where is the subscript located?
Which prefix is used when naming monatomic ions
T/F delocalized valence electrons are typical of metallic compounds
Which contains more oxygen atoms, sulfate or sulfide?
when a metal reacts with a nonmetal, does the metal Gain or lose electrons?
The more (positive or negative) the lattice energy is, the stronger the force of attraction between the ions?
The (higher or lower) the charge, the greater the lattice energy?
Are metal ions reactive or non reactive?
Groups 1 and 2
Which groups are the most reactive metals on the periodic table?
Loses two 4s electrons
What happens when zinc forms an ion?
Do nonmetals easily gain electrons for a stable configuration?
What is the name for phosphorus when you give it 3 positive electrons?
Compounds that contain ionic bonds
Binary ionic compounds
Contain only two different elements (a metallic and a nonmetallic anion)
Do ionic compounds have an irregular or regular pattern?
A 3-dimensional geometric arrangement of particles
Formation of Crystal lattice
What do ionic compounds result in?
Are the ionic crystal's boiling point high or low?
What happens when a strong enough force is applied to crystals?
Ionic compounds are always (endothermic or exothermic)
Size of ions bonded
Lattice energy is directly related to ________
Force of attraction _________ as distance decreases
Smaller ions form compounds with _________ ionic charges
Smaller ions produce _________ attractions
Smaller ions produce ________ lattice energy
Some atoms in the original metallic solid are replaced by other metallic solid are replaced by other metals of similar atomic size
Metal boiling/ melting points are __________ but not as high as ionic.
Can be drawn into wire
Can be hammered into sheets
_______ electrons make metals
Ionic compounds are _______ conductors in a solid state but ________ conductors in liquid state
Between charged particles
cations are typically __________
Anions are typically ________