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Terms in this set (65)

Cycloplegics and mydriatics anticholinergic agents
Atropine (Atropisol), cyclopentolate (Cyclogyl), homatropine (Isopto Homatropine), scopolamine (Isopto Hyoscine), tropicamide (Mydriacyl)

Dilate the pupils and paralyze the muscles of accommodation, causing mydriasis and cycloplegia. Mydriasis facilitates observation of the eye's interior during an examination. Cycloplegia prevents movement of the lens during assessment of the eye.
Adrenergic agonist
Phenylephrine (Ocu Phrin)
Induces mydriasis by action on the muscle of the iris. Causes blurred vision. Photophobia may be eased by using dark glasses.
Staining solution
Fluorescein sodium
Turns corneal scratches bright green; a green ring surrounds foreign bodies. Dye will filter through the lacrimal duct into the nasal secretions.
Topical anesthetics
Proparacaine HCl: Alcaine, AK-Taine
Anesthetize the eye. Caution patient not to rub the eye while it is anesthetized. Patch eye when patient leaves the office if medication is still in effect.
Tetracaine HCl: Pontocaine
Gentamicin sulfate (Garamycin Ophthalmic), erythromycin (Ilotycin), polymyxin B sulfate, neomycin
sulfate, bacitracin, sulfonamides (Sodium Sulamyd, Gantrisin) ciprofloxacin (Ciloxan), chlortetracycline (Aureomycin), ofloxacin (Ocuflox)
Used to treat infection or for prophylaxis. Caution patient to use a clean washcloth and towel on the face each time to prevent reinfection.
Natamycin (Natacyn Ophthalmic)
To treat Fusarium. Caution as above.
Idoxuridine (IDV, Stoxil, Herplex)
Store in refrigerator. Do not use with boric acid. If no improvement, discontinue after 1 wk.