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French Revolution: Key Dates
Key dates of the French Revolution and a bit of Napoleon 1774-1815.
14 July 1789
The Fall of the Bastille
Louis XVI's accession
Seven Years War
American War of Independence
Turgot's financial reforms rejected
Necker's Compte Rendu falsely annouces a surplus in royal finances to reassure investors
20 August 1786
Calonne announces royal bankruptcy to Louis
Assembly of Notables meet as less daunting than estates general, they reject Calonne's single land tax reform
Louis XVI exiles Paris Parlement to Troyes to avoid the Parisian crowd's influence
May Edicts deprive the Parlement from protesting against royal decrees.
Revolt of the Nobles
7 June 1788
Day of the Tiles
Paris Parlement allowed back to Paris
Réveillon riots break out in Paris
The last time the Estates-General had met before 1789
5 May 1789
Estates-General finally meet at Versailles
Abbé Sieyès publishes his pamphlet, 'What is the Third Estate?'
17 June 1789
Third Estate deputies declare themselves 'The National Assembly'
19 June 1789
First Estate (Clergy) vote to join the Third Estate deputies in the 'National Assembly'
20 June 1789
Tennis Court Oath taken
27 June 1789
Louis agrees to voting per head
4 July 1789
By this time, there are just under 30,000 royal troops surrounding Paris
11 July 1789
12-13 July 1789
Poor citizens start to raid weaponry suppliers
Citizen's militia, 'The National Guard' is formed
17 July 1789
Louis XVI appears wearing revolutionary cockade
The 'commune' is set up
20 July - 6 August 1789
'The Great Fear' - peasant uprisings
4 August 1789
The August Decrees
26 August 1789
The Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
5-6 October 1789
The October Days Uprising to Versailles
Active and Passive Citizenship introduced
Church lands taken by the state
Free trade introduced
Protestants given civil rights
Jews given civil rights
Civil Constitution of the Clergy approved
Oath to the civil constitution of the clergy taken by 55 % of the church
Pope condemns the civil constitution, some clergy retract the oath
Louis XVI accepts the Civil Constitution of the Clergy
20-21 June 1791
Flight to Varennes
24 June 1791
After Flight to Varennes, 30,000 march to Assembly calling for King's Dismissal
16 July 1791
After Flight to Varennes, Assembly vote to suspend the king's power until the completion of the constitution
17 July 1791
Champ de Mars demonstration. Assembly fear violence and kill 50 innocent.
13 September 1791
Louis accepts constitution (end of the National Constituent Assembly)
Legislative Assembly first meets
Assembly issues two decrees: (vetoed by Louis)
1. Refractory priests to lose income and to be treated as conspirators against France
2. émigrés who didn't return to be classed as traitors
20 April 1792
France declares war on Austria
13 June 1792
Louis dismisses pro-war Girondin ministers
20 June 1792
The First Storming of the Tuileries by 8,000 National Guard. Louis doesn't give in to lifting his vetoes.
11 July 1792
'La patrie en danger', decree calling men to support war effort & passive citizenship ignored.
1 August 1792
3 August 1792
The Mayor of Paris asks to depose king on behalf of 47 out of 48 sectors of Paris
9-10 August 1792
The Second Journée to the Tuileries, 20,000 National Guard and Sans Culottes plus 2,000 fédérés. The King is imprisoned in 'The Temple'
11 August 1792
Assembly grants permission to local authorities to arrest suspected counter-revolutionaires.
2-6 September 1792
The September Massacres
20 September 1792
First meeting of the National Convention
21-22 September 1792
Abolition of the Monarchy and a Republic declared.
19 November 1792
Decree of Fraternity declared to spread revolutionary ideas to the oppressed (war turns offensive)