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39 terms

pharm info (from paper and book)

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negative
do beta blockers have a negative or positive inotrope, chronotrope and dromotrope effect on heart?
beta blocker
what class of meds should be given within 8 hours to reduce cardiac workload?
beta blocker
What class of meds will cause chest pain and rebound hypertension when abruptly withdrawaling from?
olol
what do beta blocker meds end in???
COPD
beta blockers are contraindicated in someone who has......??
pril
ACE inhibitors end in what?
ACE inhibitors
This class of meds has the "1st dose phenomenon...
catapril (Capoten)
What ACE inhibitor should be given 1 hour before meals?
ipine
What do the calcium channel blockers end in?
nifedipine (Procardia)
What CCB has a side effect of reflex tachycardia?
negative
Do CCB have a negative or positive chrono, dromo, and tropo effect?
sartan
What do the ARBs (angiotensin receptor blockers) end in?
digoxin (Lanoxin)
What med should not be given with Lasix (furosemide) d/t hypokalemia?
vasodilators
this class of meds has a limited use b/o high incidence of orthostatic hypotension and reflex tachycardia
nitroprusside (Nitropress)
this vasodilator is used in life-threatening hypertensive crisis
diuretic
What class of meds is normally given first to someone who has hypertension?
beta blockers
What class of meds is normally given first to someone with angina?
ACE inhibitors
What class of meds is normally given first to someone with heart failure?
CCB
What class of meds blocks calcium from entering cell, causing less muscle contraction, which decreases BP. Mainly used to treat supraventricular dysrhythmias by slowing conduction.
loop diuretics
This class of meds blocks reabsorption of sodium in loop of Henle, secreting more urine, which lowers BP
thiazide diuretics
what class of meds acts on the distal tubule in kidneys to block Na reabsorption, increasing water excretion, decreasing BP
K sparing diuretics
what class of meds increase urination w/out effecting potassium levels?
ACE inhibitors
What class of meds blocks angiotensin, causing vasodilation, decreasing BP?
beta blocker
decreases activity in heart by slowing conduction and automaticity, decreasing BP and HR..also dilating the bronchi
alpha blockers
this class of meds inhibits vasoconstriction in arterioles, decreasing BP and HR
vasodilators
this class of meds causes relaxation of smooth muscle in arterioles, decreasing BP
potassium channel blockers
this class of meds prolongs action potential and lengthens the resting period in heart, stabilizing dysrhythmias
sodium channel blockers
this class of meds blocks sodium channel in action potential, slowing conduction of heart, stabilizing dysrhythmias
cardiac glycosides
this class of meds increases the force of a contraction, is + inotropic, increasing cardiac output
carvedilol (Coreg)
what beta blocker has potential to worsen heart failure and is always used in combo with other agents, usually ACE inhibitors??
ACE inhibitors
what class of meds is given to diabetics as a precaution (for nephropathy)?
kalemia
ACE and ARBs have a side effect of hyper----???
ACE
What class of meds has a common s.e. of dry cough??
CCB
What class of meds has a s.e. of constipation?
0.5-2
What is the normal digoxin (Lanoxin) level?
Ovine
What do you give for a digoxin toxicity? (antidote)
speed
what does chronotropic mean?
conduction
what does dromotropic mean?
force
what does inotropic mean?