Terms in this set (58)
The dominant intellectual movement of the Renaissance, focusing on human life and its accomplishments
Scales containing seven tones with an eighth tone duplicating the first an octave higher, but with patterns of whole and half steps different from major and minor scales
Sustained tone(s) accompanying a melody
Ars Nova (New Art)
Stylistic changes between French and Italian music
Everyday church texts: kyrie, agnus dei, gloria...
Music reflects lyrics
Without instrumental accompaniment
Plucked, pear shaped, instrument
melodies set to Latin text a cappella; music of Roman Catholic Church
medieval dance; earliest surviving form of instrumental music
medieval polyphony; Gregorian chants w/ 1+additional melodic lines
One of the main poetic and musical forms in 14/15century France
Polyphonic Latin choral text other than mass; sacred
Sacred choral composition
Several voices set to secular poem; love, homo/poly-phonic, word painting
Chords, rapid scales, and melodies in polyphonic pieces
Pieces with no vocals
Hildegard of Bingen
Visionary and Mystic, active in religious and diplomatic affairs, poet and wrote music, theology, science, and medicine; O Successores, Ordo Virtutum
When Catholic Church was questioned by Protestants who tried to correct church abuse and malpractices
Giovanni Pierluigi; wrote 104 masses and about 450 other sacred works
Renaissance; Flow my Tears, composed lute songs
Baroque; father wanted him to be a lawyer, master of Italian Opera, Rinaldo
Baroque; wrote in every baroque form except opera
emotional states like joy, grief, and agitation, represented in baroque music through specific languages.
abrupt alteration between loud and soft dynamic levels
plucked keyboard instrument
Keyboard instrument putting emphasis on bass and chords
composition for several instruments, soloists, and small orch.
polyphonic composition based on one main theme/subject
transitional section in a fugue between presentations of the subject
Bach; any keyboard instrument
Dance inspired movements; same key, differing in tempo, meter, and character
Group of nobles, poets, and composers who met in France
Play set to music
Text of an opera
Song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment
vocal line in an opera, oratorio, or cantata imitating rhythms, and pitch fluctuations of speech, leads to aria
Male vocalist castrated before puberty to retain high range
da capo aria
Aria in A B A form; with da capo
Spring; four seasons
Hymn tune sung to a German religious text
Composition in several movements, usually written for chorus, one or more vocal soloists, and instrumental ensemble.
large scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to narrative text, without play-like setting
Dates of Middle Ages?
Dates of Renaissance?
Dates of Baroque?
Who did the most important musicians work for in the middle ages?
Medieval music more vocal or instrumental?
Vocal; greg chant
Catholic Church more or less powerful in the Ren.?
Characteristics of Renaissance music?
word painting, vocal, polyphonic
Differences between Ave Maria and Pope Marcellus Mass (Kyrie)?
Ave Maria; soprano part is imitated,
Kyrie: tenor part is imitated, more full sound
Characteristics of Baroque music?
unity of movement
Unusual about Brandenburg Concerto No.5
First time harpsichord was used in concerto grosso
players in trio sonata?
FOUR; three melodic lines plus keyboard chordal fill
Oratorio different from opera
Not a play-like setting