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World War II and After-Dates and People

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1941
Japanese attack Pearl Harbor; US enters WWII
1944
DDay invasion of France
1945
President FDR dies; Harry Truman becomes president
1945
first use of the atomic bomb; end of WWII
1946
cold war begins
1949
formation of the north atlantic treaty organization (NATO)
1950-53
Korean Conflict
1952
Dight Eisenhower elected president
1954
Brown v. Board of Education rules segregation in public schools unconstitutional
1956
federal highway act
1957
eisenhower sends federal troops to Little Rock, AK
1960
JFK elected president
1961
Alan Shepard becomes the first american in space
1961
berlin wall constructed
1962
cuban missile crisis
1963
kennedy assassinated; lyndon b. johnson becomes president
1964
gulf of tonkin resolution
1965
u.s troops engage in combat in vietnam
1968
martin luther king jr. and Robert F. kennedy assassinated
1968
riots at democratic party convention in chicago; richard nixon elected president
1969
neil armstrong becomes the first man on the moon
1972
break-in at democratic party headquarters in watergate complex
1973
american combat troops leave vietnam
1974
nixon resigns before he is impeached; gerald ford becomes president
1976
bicentennial celebration; jimmy carter elected president`
1978
camp david accords between israel and egypt signed
1980
ronald regan elected president
1983
"star wars" project to develop strategic defense weapons announced
1988
george H.W. Bush elected president
1991
USSR collapses; end of Cold War
1991
Persian Gulf War
1992
Bill Clinton elected president
Dwight Eisenhower
commanded the american forces in europe; elected president in 1952;
Douglas MacArthur
commanded american forces in the pacific
Franklin D. Roosevelt
president at the time of declaration of WWII; part of the "big three";
Harry S Truman
33rd pres of the US; "the average man's average man"; president at the time of the cold war
Joseph McCarthy
senator from Wisconsin; questioned the patriotism of hundreds of government employees; there was a mass hysteria over communism; led to trials on tv
J. Robert Oppenheimer
headed the research team that developed the first atomic bomb
Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th president of the US; supreme allied commander in Europe during WWII; planned the DDay invasion; first commander of the NATO forces;
Earl Warren
chief justice of the US Judicial Activism (1953-69)
Rosa Parks
refused to give up her bus seat to a white person; her actions led to the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-56)
Martin Luther King Jr.
founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference; "the prophet of nonviolent protests"; organized the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the March on Washington
Elvis Presley
Rock and Roll icon in the 1950s
Jack Kerouac
The "Beat Generation" in the 1950s
John F. Kennedy
35th president of the US; young and bright; youngest elected president; dealt with the Cuban Missile Crisis; assassinated in 1963
James Meredith
African American air force veteran; wanted to attend college through benefits provided by the GI Bill
Lyndon B. Johnson
36th President of the US; southern democrat; his strategy in Vietnam was escalation; great ability to work with congress; his domestic policy was "The Great Society"
Robert F. Kennedy
attorney general under his brother; senator from NY; assassinated in 1968 while on the campaign trail
Alan Shepard
became the first American in space in May 1961
John Glenn
became the first American to orbit the Earth in February 1962
Malcolm X
part of the Black Muslims
Betty Friedan
author of the Feminine Mystique
Andy Warhol
leader in pop art in the 1950s
Richard Nixon
37th president of the United States; republican conservative; his foreign strategy was to promote world peace; Kent State Issue
Henry Kissinger
led the Paris Peace talks; national security advisor; secretary of state (1973-77)
Ronald Reagan
"the great communicator"; 40th president of the US; returned to a policy of "New Federalism"; promoted "trickle down" economics
George H.W. Bush
41st president of the US; continued reagan politics; saw an end to the Cold War and collapse of the Soviet Union
Bill Clinton
42nd President of the US; enjoyed an improved economy; centered his domestic policies on healthcare and social reform; impeached on charges of perjury and instruction of justice
George W. Bush
declared war on terrorism; created the department of homeland security; sent American troops to Afghanistan