APUS 12 & 13: Quiz Review
Terms in this set (38)
As a result of the Great Awakening, the ________, Church became the largest denomination in the United States by 1844, with over a million members
Henry David Thoreau
Protesting against slavery and the Mexican War, ________ refused to pay his taxes, went to jail briefly, and wrote the classic essay, " On Civil Disobedience" (1849).
In his famous essay, Exposition and protest, John Calhoun presented the doctrine of _______, by which southern states could not protect themselves from harmful national action.
Trail of Tears
The Cherokee remember their forced removal, during which perhaps a quarter of their tribe died, as the ________.
In the election of 1832. the National Republicans adopted the name of _______ to show their opposition to "King Andrew" Jackson and his supporter.s
Panic of 1837
As a result of government policies designed to halt inflation during, the end of Jackson's term of office, worried investors rushed to convert paper notes into cash, creating the ________.
Under the brilliant leadership of John Smith's successor, ________, the Mormons headed westwards in 1846 in their continuing search for "the land of promise"
The "Lane Rebels" led by Theodore Dwight Weld turned __________ College into their first institution on the United States open equality to women and men, blacks and whites.
The American Colonization Society, founded in 1816, sent a small number of manumitted slaves to _________ on the west coast of Africa.
In 1837, an angry mob murdered _______, an antislavery editor in Illinois, and destroyed his printing press.
John Quincy Adams
This president was characterized by the Jacksonians as a weak, ineffectual thinker who had won the election of 1824 by bribing Henry Clay for his support.
This president used the veto power more often than the six preceding presidents combined.
Martin Van Buren
This president responded inadequately to the economic depression of the late 1830s with sympathetic but limited measure that made things even worse.
William Henry Harrison
This president was nominated on the basis if his military exploits at the battle of Tippecanoe fought nearly 30 years earlier.
This vice - president from Virginia was nominated by the Whigs in 1840 to try to underline the regional diversity of the party.
Touted as the female counterpart to the masculine Christ, she founded the Shaker religion, a millennialist group believing in sexual equality and chastity.
A frail New Englander, she reported on the miserable conditions of the asylums in Massachusetts, helping to stimulate reform efforts there.
A demure by outspoken Quaker, she married abolitionist Theodore Dwight Weld and together with her sister, helped him research and write his famous book attacking American Slavery.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Together with Lucretia Mott, she organized an 1848 convention in Seneca Falls, New York, to proclaim the rights of women.
Charles G. Finney
This revivalist believed humans were moral free agents who could choose good over evil and needed to commit to reforming society.
The conviction that America's superior institution and culture gave the United States a God- given right, even an obligation, to spread its civilization across the continent was expressed in the phrase__________.
Upon news of the Texas Rebellion, Mexican dictator and general ____________ hurried north to crush it with an army of 6000 conscripts.
Hoping the issue will boos his reelection in 1844, President __________ re opened the question of annexing Texas.
In securing the Democratic nomination in 1844, _________called for "the re annexation of Texas at the earliest practicable period" and the occupation of the Oregon Treaty.
__________ tended to oppose annexation of Texas fearing expansion of slavery and growth of southern power.
Although he successfully negotiated an end to the Mexican War, __________ was fired by President Polk, who denounced his as an "unqualified scoundrel"
Canadian American Border
President Polk considered the 49th parallel a reasonable boundary for the Oregon Territory, for it would extend the ___________.
Joseph Smith's murder in 1844 marked no end to the persecution of his followers, the _________, who decided to seek refuge in the arid Great Basin are of Utah.
Most of the Plains Indians were dependent upon the __________ which provided them with food, fuel, clothing, shelter, and trade items.
Gwinn Land law of 1851
Supposedly a measure to validate Spanish and Mexican land title, it forced California land owners to defend their property.
A Sioux Chief who refused to abide by a federal agreement in 1851 to keep his tribe north of the Platte River.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
In this negotiation ending the Mexican War, the United States secured the Rio Grande border and obtained the regions of the Upper California and New Mexico.
Fort Laramie Treaty
In this first agreement between the United States and the Plains Indians, the chiefs accepted certain gifts and payments in the return for accepting tribal boundaries.
Stephan F. Austin
He led 300 families into Texas in 1823 to help settle northern Mexico.
As commander in chief of the Texan forces, he led the to victory over the Mexican army of Santa Anna the battle of San jacinto in 1836.
Ordered by President Polk to protect the Rio Grande border, this general suffered an "attack" by Mexican forces which led to an American declaration of war.
Stephan W. Kearney
During the Mexican War, this colonel led the American conquest of New Mexico and California.
Assuming leadership after the death of Joseph Smith, he organized the Mormons in their westward trek and settlement in Salt Lake City.