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AP World History 600-1450 C.E. (part 2)
Terms in this set (55)
Which of the following statements most accurately reflects
a major difference between Arab expansion in the seventh
century and Viking expansion in the ninth century?
A. Arab expansion relied most heavily on diplomacy, while
Viking expansion relied most heavily on military might.
B. Viking expansion tended to occur in areas with few large
urban centers, while the Arab expansion occurred in areas
with comparatively large urban centers.
C. Arab expansion was financed by religious tithing, while
Viking expansion was financed by profit from the silk trade.
D. Viking expansion was limited to Ireland, Scotland, Iceland,
and Greenland, while Arab expansion was limited to the
Arabian Peninsula and Persia.
E. Arab expansion relied heavily on the technology of the
cannon, while Viking expansion relied heavily on dragon
Which of the following is true of commerce in the Indian
Ocean during the time period 600-1450 C.E.?
A. Chinese merchants dominated the trade routes of the
B. There was very little commercial activity in the Indian
C. Merchants from Europe dominated the trade routes of
the Indian Ocean.
D. Following the rise of the Mongols during the thirteenth
century, the volume of Indian Ocean commerce fell
E. Indian Ocean commerce flourished and was
conducted by a mixture of Asian, Middle Eastern, and
East African merchants.
Which of the following had the greatest
manufacturing capacity during the time
period 600 to 1450 C.E.?
D. Western Europe
The term "samurai" describes men in feudal
Japan who were most like the men in feudal
Europe known as:
A. Lords of the manor
B. Catholic bishops
In the period between 600 and 1450, which
of the following were two occupations
pursued by large numbers of African and
A. Midwife and healer
B. Military leader and farmer
C. Scribe and tax collector
D. Long-distance trader and merchant
E. Metalworker and textile manufacturer
Trade spurred the introduction of both Islam
and Hinduism to what is now called:
E. Saudi Arabia
Renaissance Italy and the Islamic Middle East
after the decline of the Abbasid Empire in the midtenth
century are important examples of which of
A. Political unity and cultural creativity
B. Political fragmentation and cultural creativity
C. Political unity and the decline of religion
D. Political fragmentation and the decline of
E. Political unity and the rise of secularism
Which of the following statements about the
Mongol Empire of the thirteenth century is true?
A. The invasion of Japan was attempted but was
B. The number of Buddhist and Muslims in Asia
dropped significantly as a result of Mongol
C. In China the Mongols eliminated the Chinese
D. The Mongols conquered Constantinople
E. Ibn Battuta's writings describe in detail life in
the court of Genghis Khan.
Which of the following was a common
feature of most Asian and European
philosophies during the period 600 to 1450
A. A close association with religion
B. Emphasis on experimental science
C. Reliance on ideas of individual freedom
D. Substantial scholarly exchange of ideas
among all world cultures
E. Wide availability of printed books
After the expansion of Islam into Africa, an
organized Christian presence remained in:
A. Egypt and Ethiopia
C. Mauritania and Tunisia
D. The areas along the Silk Road
Which of the following contributed to the Chinese
government's decision to stop voyages of
exploration in the Indian Ocean in the early
A. Armed resistance from Arab navies
B. Lack of sufficient Chinese goods for trade
C. The destruction of the Chinese fleet by
D. Government concern with domestic problems
and frontier security
E. Fear of the spread of the plague to China
Which of the following languages came into
existence after 1000 C.E. as the direct result
of expanding global trade patterns?
Marco Polo described which of the following at
Kublai Khan's court that he had not encountered in
A. The use of spies in foreign nations
B. The interest of the Khan in the international
sea trade and European shipbuilding
C. The use of paper money and coal and the
practice of frequent bathing.
D. The attachment of the Khan to the use of
horses for military purposes.
E. The austerity of the design of the Khan's
In the period between 600 and 1450, Indian Ocean
trade differed from that of the Pacific Ocean in that
A. was more regional in nature.
B. involved contacts with the islands of Southeast
C. involved only spices.
D. involved competition among a more diverse
group of traders.
E. involved commerce across large stretches of
In the period between 600 and 1450: A. European women gained an increasingly
greater role in political life.
B. African women were confined to domestic
C. the Chinese custom of foot-binding began.
D. the practice of sati was abolished.
E. there were few role distinctions between
women of elite and peasant classes globally
Which was true of the Mongol Empire? A. It was the largest maritime empire to that time.
B. It was characterized by efficient administrators.
C. It did not interfere with Islamic societies.
D. It caused Eurasian trade routes to move
E. It opened up trade relations between Russia
and the West.
Compared to European exploration in the
Indian Ocean, that of the Chinese:
A. used fewer and smaller ships.
B. covered shorter distances.
C. was designed to establish a military
D. gained strength after the mid - 1430s.
E. was an effort to spread Confucianism.
The Mayan and Gupta Empires had in
A. The construction of ceremonial pyramids.
B. The independent discovery of the value
of zero as a place holder.
C. Persistent pressure from invaders in
D. Central political organization.
E. The knowledge that the earth is round.
Which of the following is true of the bubonic
A. It followed established trade routes.
B. It was a European phenomenon.
C. It affected West Africa.
D. It began in Europe and spread to China.
E. It died out completely after the fourteenth
The Mongols: A. were capable administrators.
B. persecuted Christians and Muslims
within territories they conquered.
C. are credited with the transmission of
D. were interested in Asian territories.
E. moved main trade routes farther south
into their southern Chinese territories.
According to Marco Polo's accounts, what
aspects of Mongol life fascinated him?
A. Their ability to ride days on end without
B. The simplicity of the Khan's residential
C. The complexity of the Mongol language.
D. The beauty of Mongol churches.
E. The simplicity of the Mongol court.
The millet system in the Islamic empires: A. was especially effective in India.
B. created cooperation among the ethnic
groups of the Ottoman Empire.
C. was a system of slavery.
D. interfered with religious sentiment.
E. promoted nationalist sentiment within the
The most significant effect of Russia's conversion
to Eastern Orthodox Christianity was:
A. the trade network that Russia's acceptance of
Christianity opened up for it.
B. the way it slowed the development of a
Russian national identity.
C. the way the Church's teaching that God vests
power in the ruler strengthened the Russian
tsars' control over the state.
D. the power it gave the Eastern Church in
dealing with the Roman Catholic Church.
E. its influence on Russian architecture.
Which of the following developments most
directly resulted from the Crusades?
A. Growth of Italian city-states.
B. Spread of the Black Death.
C. Vasco da Gama's voyage to India.
D. Columbian Exchange
E. Restriction of European traders to treaty
All of the following are true of the major
Amerindian civilizations in Central and South
America prior to the arrival of Europeans
A. economies based on trade.
B. monumental building.
C. urban centers.
D. differentiation of labor.
E. social stratification.
Ghana in the 900s and France in the 1600s
had which of the following characteristics in
A. Parliamentary government.
B. Divine monarchy.
C. Matrilineal descent.
E. Trade based on gold and manufactured
The introduction of papermaking into Europe
is an example of cultural diffusion:
A. From China by way of the Eurasian trade
B. From Japan by way of the Arab-Indian
C. Through the Columbian Exchange.
D. Through the Triangular Trade route.
E. From the Middle East as part of the
Eurasian trade route.
A common stage in the early development of
political units as diverse as England, France,
China, Russia and Japan was:
B. divine right monarchy.
C. constitutional monarchy.
A major area of contention between the papacy
and secular rulers was the:
A. establishment of the Church of England by
B. rulers' determination to appoint Church officials
in their nations.
C. heavy tithes the rulers placed on churches
within their borders.
D. practice of trying clerics in secular rather than
E. rulers' disinterest in supporting the Crusades.
Which of the following reasons motivated both the
Abbasids and the Mongols to expand their
A. The conversion of non-believers to their faith.
B. The desire to attack first to keep invaders from
their own territories.
C. The need to gain a port on the Baltic Sea.
D. The desire for wealth and plunder.
E. Population pressures within their own empires.
All of the following characteristics are true of the
Tang and Song dynasties except:
A. Buddhism appeared in China for the first time.
B. The Confucian-educated scholar-gentry
increased its power in government and society.
C. Artistic and scientific innovations flourished.
D. The subordinate role of women was
symbolized by the practice of foot-binding.
E. The urban population continued to grow.
Which of the following best describes the spread of Islam in
East Africa and Christianity in China?
A. Neither religion made inroads in the cities of interiors
of either area.
B. Christianity was confined to the cities in China, while
Islam made converts in the interior through the Swahili
C. Islam had a decided impact on the trading centers of
East Africa but little impact on the interior, whereas
Christianity had little impact on either urban or rural
areas in China.
D. Through the trans-Saharan trading network, Islam
reached West Africa, but Christianity, with its reliance
on priests, did not travel as easily along.
E. The East African trading centers became a blend of
African and Islamic society and culture.
All of the following were characteristics
borrowed by Kievan Russia from the
Byzantine Empire except:
A. the orthodox Church version of
B. art and architectural styles
C. having the church dependent on the
D. a large and highly trained bureaucracy.
E. the concept of divine monarchy.
The placing of upper-class Russian women
into quarters separate from men was an
outgrowth of Russia's contact with:
A. the Mongols
B. the Byzantine Empire
C. the Chinese
D. the Abbasids
E. Indian traders
The Aztec civilization's militaristic tone and
use of human sacrifice was based on the
earlier culture of the:
C. Mound Builders
The term sinicization refers to A. the rise of a religion combining Christian,
Zoroastrian and Buddhist ideals
B. the influence of Platonic thought on early
C. the ravages of disease
D. the spread of Chinese culture
E. the belief that disease was caused by
excessive human sinning
Commerce was a key mode of exchange
between which of the following pairs of
A. The Mayan Empire and the Song
B. Ghana and the Mongol Empire
C. Japan and the Byzantine Empire
D. The Crusader states and the Fatimid
E. Venice and the Aztec Empire.
The success and timing of trade though the Indian
Ocean basin largely depended upon
A. controlling the actions of Turkish pirates
B. forming a lasting trading partnership with China
C. understanding the rhythms of the monsoon
D. the Indian desire to purchase pepper from the
E. the invention of a revolutionary sailing vehicle
What dynasty, along with the Sui, reestablished
and improved Chinese
civilization after the fall of China's classical
Constantinople and Malacca both became a
powerful commercial states primarily
because of their
A. talented merchant class
B. strategic location
C. laissez-faire economic policies
D. military technology
E. silver mines
Why did the Mongols refrain from attacking
central Europe in 1241?
A. The death of the Great Khan
B. The conversion of the Great Khan to
C. The conversion of the Great Khan to
D. Massive military buildup in Europe
E. They turned attention to Korea
What important cultural movement rejected
Buddhism while adapting some of its themes
to the predominant thought which stressed
family duty and honor?
D. Zen Buddhism
In Japan, from the Heian period until the
Tokugawa period, emperors
A. shared powers with the Shinto priests.
B. seldom wielded any real political power.
C. required the Mandate of Heaven to
D. came from constantly changing lineages.
E. maintained tight political control.
Which of the following best compares European and Chinese
merchants in society during the early 15th century
A. European merchants were bound to their lords in the feudal
system and Chinese merchants were from the noble class.
B. Merchants in Europe were important to the revival of long
distance trade gaining status and wealth, while Chinese
merchants used their wealth to buy higher status for their
C. Chinese merchants were guaranteed government support
while European merchants were independent persons of the
D. European monarchs favored alliances with nobility against
merchants and merchants under the Ming dynasty were
favored over scholar gentry.
E. The Confucian order highly respected profit making and
European Christianity considered profit making sinful.
In what ways were the civilizations in Mesoamerica
before 1000 C.E. more sophisticated than those in
A. In the former, social structure was more complex,
astronomical knowledge was greater, and
architectural skills were more advanced.
B. In the former, Christianity was already practiced.
C. Mexican and Central American civilizations never
practiced human sacrifice, while societies in
North America did.
D. The former civilizations adopted democracy,
while the latter used tribal rule.
E. In no ways, because the North Americans had
more advanced social structures.
In the five centuries after the year 1000 C.E.
the peoples of the eastern hemisphere
A. cut off contact with the rest of the world
because of the ravages of disease.
B. fell under the control of the expanding
empires of the western hemisphere.
C. traveled and interacted more intensively
than ever before.
D. fell dangerously behind the rest of the world
in science and technology.
E. united into the largest empire the world had
seen since the time of Rome.
Which factor helps explain the scientific and
literary achievements of the Muslims during
their Golden Age?
A. expansion of transatlantic trade
B. innovations introduced by the Europeans
during the Renaissance
C. cultural diversity accepted by many Islamic
D. legal equality of all people in the Islamic
E. the status of women in society.
Narratives such as Marco Polo's created a
A. isolationist mentality.
B. image of Mongol poverty.
C. ambition to find easier routes to Asia.
D. fear of Mongol attack.
E. literary movement called romance writing.
Which of the following was a result of the Crusades?A. Western knights carved out a kingdom in the
Holy Land that lasted until the sixteenth century.
B. The Fourth Crusade aided in the defense of
Constantinople and preserved the integrity of the
C. The Crusades demonstrated a new Western
superiority in the wider world.
D. The Crusades helped to open the West to new
cultural and economic influences from the Middle
E. The Muslims adopted much of Europe's culture.
During the postclassical period, societies in the
A. remained entirely separate from those of the Old
B. experienced the initial contacts that led
eventually to European invasion of the New
C. failed to develop imperial forms of government, a
failure that mirrored European society.
D. were united under a single government.
E. were isolated from Europe, but had limited
contact with Africans.
Which of the following was a source of Western
dynamism in the fourteenth and fifteenth
The growth of cities and urban economies
Which of the following societies' gender
roles was overall the most constrictive and
gave the greatest amount of freedom and
rights to women?
Christians' devotion to saints was very much
A. the Bantu people's devotion to the creator
B. Buddhists' devotion to Bodhisattvas
C. Muslims' devotion to Mecca
D. the Jews' devotion to the Torah
E. all of the above
Which of the following practices was
common to the Aztec and the Inca empires?
A. Extensive use of sacrifice
B. A tribute system
C. A merchant class
D. A writing system
E. The quipu system
Merchants in southern post-classical India A. would have been severely threatened by
monsoon winds as their ships were not stable for
Indian Ocean travel
B. were heavily taxed by Muslim overlords in Delhi
which halted their expansion into Africa
C. were very acquainted with local temples as they
were the source of banking and finance.
D. did not venture out from India because the
Chinese and Europeans came to them.
E. had a very successful system of bartering so a
money system never developed.
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