5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Delayed from the time of initial exposure
- 1. Subverting cell division control of the host cell,
2. Inducing chronic inflammation which triggers continual cell division,
3. Destruction of the immune system which promotes secondary infections that have a direct carcinogenic effect,
4. Triggering chronic infections which have been linked to specific cancers
- X-linked inactivation
- Tobacco use
- a Even for cancers associated with a known external agent, the time of onset is what?
- b What is the most important environmental cause of cancer and it is one of the few cancer causing agents for which there is epidemiological support for a link between exposure and cancer development?
- c The role of viruses, bacteria and parasites in cancer induction include what?
- d The mosaic nature of tissue due to the randomness of what?
- e What is a benign cancer that is cartilage derived?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What are two paths to genetic based mutagenesis?
- Tumor promoters induce a inflammatory response which results in what? Increasing the probability of what?
- Replicative cell senescence is controlled by what, an enzyme required for the maintenance of the repeative ends of
- What do healthy cells do for the good of the organism?
- Tumor promoters are chemical agents which by themselves are not mutagenic but have been shown to induce cancer by activating an inflammatory response. This inflammatory response triggers an increase in what?
5 True/False questions
Tumor initiator → In fibroblast cells, cellular division stops after how many divisions?
Genetically unstable → What process makes a 'tumor' a 'cancer'?
Telomerase → An increase in cell division gives rise to an increased chance that one of these cells will undergo an additional mutagenic or epigenetic change further promoting the progression towards what?
Additional changes in one of its descendents → The single cell that causes cancer experienced a heritable change that was followed by what?
The blood or lymphatic vessel → What gives rise to malignant cancer?