5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- The cells to out-compete and out-live their neighbors
- Viruses, bacteria or parasites
- Initial genetic mutation(s) introduced by chemical exposure
- Tumor growth
- a At the time of detection, how long have cancer cells been growing?
- b 15% of cancers have been linked to what?
- c The inactivated gene products normally protect against tumor progression, therefore their loss promotes what?
- d It is the accumulation of mutations over time, in addition to what, are necessary to induce cancerous cells?
- e The single cell that causes cancer experienced a heritable change that was followed by additional changes in one of its descendents. These changes allowed the cells to do what?
5 Multiple choice questions
- What is the number of times a single cell can double before halting proliferation?
- The single cell that causes cancer experienced a heritable change that was followed by what?
- Agents identified as cancer causing agents include what?
- What are cells that are able to escape the vessel and grow to form a small clump of cells?
- What is a malignant cancer derived from white blood cells or their precursors?
5 True/False questions
Genetically unstable → Cancer cells have a high rate of genetic changes and are therefore what?
1) Cells that reproduce in defiance of normal restraints
2) Cells that invade areas normally reserved for other cells → What are two heritable properties of cancer?
At late stages of tumor progression → After tumor cells invade tissues, the tumorous cells enter what for transport to a different location?
Malignant → Not all agents that cause cancer are what?
Neoplasm → What is a cell that grows and divides out of control; a tumor?