5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Cells rest, grow, divide, differentiate and die as needed for the good of the organism
- Permanent cell-cycle arrest
- Oxygen becomes limiting and hypoxia kicks in
- Increased cell proliferation increasing the probability of tumor progression.
- a What do healthy cells do for the good of the organism?
- b What are cells that are able to escape the vessel and grow to form a small clump of cells?
- c Tumor promoters induce a inflammatory response which results in what? Increasing the probability of what?
- d Shortening of telemeres ends with each cell division ultimately leads to what?
- e When a tumor reaches a certain size, what becomes limited? What kicks in?
5 Multiple choice questions
- A small number of micrometastases are able to grow in the new environment, with its absence of what?
- The inactivated gene products normally protect against tumor progression, therefore their loss promotes what?
- What is an invasive tumor; cancer?
- The high rate of mutagenesis may be due to what?
- How does cancer begin?
5 True/False questions
Flat and differentiated keratin rich cells which are lost when they reach the surface → The outer layer of the epithelium in the cervix is composed of what?
The connective tissue layer → The layer underneath the basal layer of the cervix is what?
Carcinogens → What are agents known to cause cancer?
Replicative cell senescence → What kind of cells are able to escape the limitations placed on cell proliferation?
Mutations that inactivate cell cycle checkpoints → Continued cell division with unrepaired and/or missegregated DNA is due to the acquisition of what? That inactivate what?