5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Single mutation
- Excess food consumption, which leads to obesity
- Physically removing them (surgery)
- Epithelial based cancers (carcinomas)
- a Cancer is clonal in nature but cancer does not arise from what?
- b The rate of mutation is balanced against death, since an excessive mutation rate would lead to what?
- c As long as the undifferentiated and actively dividing cells are confined to the epithelial side of the basal lamina, how can this condition be cured?
- d What are the most prevalent cancers?
- e Besides tobacco use, what else increases the risk of cancer?
5 Multiple choice questions
- How does cancer begin?
- The inherent limitations on the accuracy of DNA replication and repair will generate what?
- Cells that have been primed by treatment with a known chemical carcinogen (i.e. a tumor initiator) can be induced to form what? By activating cell proliferation through the use of what?
- Hypoxia triggers expression of what?
- What a carcinogen that causes latent genetic damage, damage that sets the stage for an increased incidence of cancer if exposed to additional cancer inducing agents at a later time?
5 True/False questions
Malignant tumors → What kind of tumors give rise to metastases making the cancer difficult to eliminate?
They become damaging only after they have been modified by cytochrome P-450 enzyme found in the liver →
Why is panel C considered a high-grade neoplasia?
Extracellular survival signals → A small number of micrometastases are able to grow in the new environment, with its absence of what?
Mutagenesis → What are cancer cells that have broken from the original mass to form secondary tumors at other sites?
The basal lamina and endothelial lining of the vessel → What is the defining property of metastasis?