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31 terms

8th Grade English CST Flashcards

STUDY
PLAY
Poems
-figurative language and imagery
-stanzas and lines
-emotions and feelings
Rhyming Patterns
The last words of a line will show the rhyming pattern. The pattern is a shown by a set of letters. Each line in the poem must be assigned a letter. Usually you will only have to analyze one stanza.
Types of Figurative Language
Metaphor, simile, symbolism, dialect, irony, personification, hyperbole
Irony
Irony is a plot twist. When something unexpected happens in a story.
Verbal Irony
say one thing, mean another
Situational Irony
the situation turns out to be the opposite of what you expect to happen
Dramatic Irony
the reader knows something that the character doesn't know
Making an Inference
make an educated guess based on the facts and details in the text
Setting
Time and place in a text. Setting can be determined by looking at season, time of day, time period, landmarks, geographic features.
Theme
lesson learned, life lesson, moral of the story, author's commentary
Types if Poems
ballad, narrative poem, sonnet, lyric poem
Ballad
songlike poem that tells a story, often sad story of betrayal,
death or loss. Usually have a steady simple rhythm with a refrain.
Narrative Poem
poem that tells a story or related events
Lyric Poem
does not tell a story, but expresses the personal feelings of the speaker
Sonnet
14 line lyric poem, (3 quatrains and a couplet is a Shakespearian sonnet) follows strict rules of structure
Comparing & Contrasting Paired Passages
-Tell the differences and similarities between both passages.
-Don't get tripped up on paired passages by looking at the wrong passage for a question.
Non Fiction Passages (particularly Consumer docs.)
-Close Reading
-Know the purpose for reading
-Skim and scan
-Look for diagrams and captions
-Look at the text features
-Preview the questions
-Read the passage
Proposition
main idea, author's opinion, topic the author is trying to
convince you of.
Summarize
Identify critical details.
Organizational Patterns
How the text is organized. The way it is written.
Ex. -Numbered list
-Steps in a process
-Bulleted list
-Chronological order
-Cause and effect
-Order of Importance
-Compare and contrast
Features of Advertisements
-Headers and Footers
-Illustrations or Diagrams
-Convince you to buy something - spend money
-Focuses just on the good
-If they say the bad it is in the fine print or goes really fast at the end of the commercial
Purpose of Logo
A logo is a picture that represents a company or product. The logo is designed to grab the readers attention.
Features of Product Labels
The product label gives specific information about the product
Ex. -Warning of the product
-Ingredients or parts
-Origin of product
-Company info.
-Nutritional Value if food
Reading Narrative Passages - (theme, plot, character, setting, author's
influence, vocab in context)
1. If the paragraphs aren't numbered, number them.
2. Write SWBS (Somebody, Wanted, But, So)
3. Identify how many questions are connected to the passage.
More than 5 questions, don't preview the questions. Two or
three questions. Try to answer them by looking back into the
passage.
4. Read each paragraph. As you read, write a few word summary
for each paragraph.
5. You are ready to answer the questions. Use your test taking
strategies.
Conflict
opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)
Subplot
a smaller plot
Analyzing Characters
look at how the character changes
Writer's Point of View, Attitude or Personal Perspective
Consider the theme of the story. There may be two or three themes present in the text. Any one of those themes will give you an idea of the author's point of view, attitude and beliefs.
Vocabulary in Context
Look for context clues and Latin roots.
Parallel Structures
Stay with the pattern of the verbs or the lists in the series. For
example:
o To run, to walk and jumping is not parallel because
some of the verbs are in the infinitive form and one
verb is in the present participle form.
o To run, to walk, and to jump is parallel because all the
verbs are in the same form.
Punctuation and Capitalization
-Proper nouns, beginning of sentences, I, certain words in titles
-Commas in regards to compound sentences and coordinating conjunction.