lived c 485-406, died just before Sophocles, said to have written his plays in a cave on Salamis. He used the technique Deus ex machina, where a god solves the plot, the most of the playwrights. 19 of his plays survive, the most of any Greek dramatist. We know the titles of eighty plays by him. He was supposedly torn to pieces by the dogs of Archelaus, the king of Macedon, while visiting there. His extant plays are Alcestis, Bacchae, Electra, Hecuba, Hippolytus, Ion, Iphigenia at Aulis, Iphigenia in Tauris, Medea, Orestes, Rhesus, Suppliant Women, and Trojan Women.