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41 terms

Mastering Skills for TOEFL iBT - Reading Ch.3

Reading Section / Chapter 3
STUDY
PLAY
incentive
something that makes someone want to work harder
engage
to involve someone in a particular activity
quota
a minimum amount of something that someone needs to do
attain
to succeed at accomplishing something
stock
a share of money held by an investor
profitable
making money
enable
to provide somebody with the ability to do something
bias
an unfair preference for or dislike of something
expose
to make someone experience something
flaw
a fault in something that makes it less effective
lessen
to become smaller in amount or importance
cue
an action or statement that tells someone indirectly that they should do something
placebo
a substance that contains no medicine, given to determine the effectiveness of new medicines in drug studies
prominent
well-known
flourish
to be successful
observatory
a building used to view stars
revolve
to turn around a central point
formula
a method of doing something
naval
relating to a part of a country's military that fights at sea
conservation
the preservation of natural resources
urban
relating to the city
ecosystem
the plants and animals in a certain area that depend on one another
patch
a small area of land
rural
found in the country
susceptible
likely to be affected by something
migration
the movement of a group of people or animals from one region to another
adapt
to change something to make it more suitable to different conditions
diligence
persistent and hard-working effort in doing something
cultivate
to grow crops or plants, especially in large quantities
profuse
existing or being produced in large amounts
serrated
edged with notches or projections resembling the teeth of a saw
resin
a transparent, sticky substance produced by some plants and trees
mallet
a tool resembling a hammer
resurgence
rising again; becoming stronger again
teem
to be full of
phenomenon
an event; a happening
arthropod
an invertebrate animal with an exoskeleton and segmented body
embed
to fix something firmly in a surface or object
exoskeleton
a hard outer covering such as a shell that provides protection and support
extensive
very large in amount or degree
appendage
a part or organ, such as an arm or leg, joined to a body