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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Protozoans GITMD
  2. Preventative measures for GITMD
  3. What types of gropus are considered high risk
  4. What is the principal tissue targeted by GITMD
  5. Diarrhoeal infections normally target and alter the function of
  1. a elderly, neonates and travellers to high risk zones
  2. b The LGIT : normal function water, electrolyte absorption and excretion of faeces. Hence why if this function is altered water and electrolyes are expelled creating watery faeces. This process leads to dehydration which can be life threatening in chronic cases.
  3. c Yes by employing standard enteric precautions
  4. d Giardia, Cryptosporidium
  5. e Mucous membranes of the LGIT

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. By targeting the microbial agent and tranmission routes
  2. small intestine and colon
  3. Fingers, Food, Flies, Faeces, Fomites and Water
  4. Campylobacter, Salmonella, Escherchia coli, Shigella, Listeria, Yersina, Bacillus, Clostridum, Vibro species
  5. normal functioning of the of GIT

5 True/False questions

  1. Acute diarrhoea is characterused byLeucocytes in stools
    Blood in stools
    mucus in stools
    severe abdo pain in lower left quadrant (effects colon)
    +/- fever


  2. Diarrheoa symptoms are usuallyself resolving in immunocompetant individuals and antibiotics are normally contraindicated


  3. Non inflammatory diarrheoa characterised byno leucocytes in stools
    rarely blood in stools
    raely mucus in stools
    greatly increased watery stools
    no one to slight abdo pain (effects small intestine)
    +/- fever


  4. Types of lab diagnosticsMacroscopic: this a visual inspection to see consistancy
    Microscopic: closer inspection using microscope to detect the presence of blood, mucus or pus that weren't visible to the naked eye. Can tell you whether it was a inflammatory infection or not.
    Stool culture: This is where bacteria are grown for identification to distinguish the causitive agent
    ASA can be used if anti biotics are to be used.


  5. Diarrhoea can bemicrobial or non microbial in origin