5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Helminths (worms) GITMD
- Bacterial GITMD common to Australia
- Can bacteria penetrate the mucosal epithelium and attack other organs
- What is the best way to control GITMD
- What types of gropus are considered high risk
- a yes
- b elderly, neonates and travellers to high risk zones
- c enterobus, Taenia, Echinococcus, Ascaris, Strongyloides
- d Campylobacter, Salmonella, Escherchia coli, Shigella, Listeria, Yersina, Bacillus, Clostridum, Vibro species
- e By targeting the microbial agent and tranmission routes
5 Multiple choice questions
- normal functioning of the of GIT
- Food toxins: bacteria is coated with toxin and is preformed in the food so doesn't need to replicate in GIT to cause symptoms. Indicated by rapid onset and often multiple cases from people consumiing the same food. (enterotoxins commonly indicated Staph.aureus & Bacillus cereus)
- The LGIT : normal function water, electrolyte absorption and excretion of faeces. Hence why if this function is altered water and electrolyes are expelled creating watery faeces. This process leads to dehydration which can be life threatening in chronic cases.
- water and food
5 True/False questions
Fungal GITMD common to Australia → Rotavirus, Noravirus
Dysentery → characterised by blood, mucus and pus in stool.
Viral GITMD common to Australia → Candida albicans
anitbiotics may be prescribed if → the condition is chronic, at risk group is involved, the agent is Shigella. note antibiotics generally only work on bacterial conditions and may actually make other conditions worse as they kill of NRF.
Things that dictate risk status → Macroscopic: this a visual inspection to see consistancy
Microscopic: closer inspection using microscope to detect the presence of blood, mucus or pus that weren't visible to the naked eye. Can tell you whether it was a inflammatory infection or not.
Stool culture: This is where bacteria are grown for identification to distinguish the causitive agent
ASA can be used if anti biotics are to be used.