Unit 1 Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary Review Quiz
Terms in this set (36)
A naturally occurring, inorganic, solid, that has a crystal system and a definite chemical composition.
A feature of a mineral. Often an unreliable property for mineral identification.
A mineral's resistance to scratch or be scratched.
The tendency of a mineral to break along flat surfaces.
The tendency of a mineral to break along uneven and irregular surfaces.
The color of a mineral in powdered form.
The way a mineral's surface reflects light.
The amount of matter in a given space.
Mohs Hardness Scale
Geologists determine a mineral's hardness by comparing it to the minerals on this scale.
The mineral cannot form from materials that were once part of a living thing.
A solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals.
The process by which one rock type changes into another.
The chemical makeup of a rock; describes either the minerals or other materials in the rock.
The rock is determined by the size, shapes, and positions of the grains of which it is made.
Rock formed from the cooling of magma or lava.
Igneous rock formed from the cooling of magma inside the earth.
Igneous rock formed from the cooling of lava on the earth's surface.
Rock formed from weathering, erosion, compaction, and cementation of sediments.
Rocks that are made of fragments from other rocks and minerals.
Rocks that form from solutions of minerals and water.
Rock that froms from the dead remains of plants and animals.
Rock formed due to extreme heat and pressure.
Grains are not aligned.
Grains are aligned like the pages of a book.
Molten rock inside the earth.
Molten rock outside the earth.
The rough texture of a rock.
The smooth texture of a rock.
The process whereby heat changes something from a solid to a liquid.
Process that transforms magma or lava into igneous rocks.
Water or wind loosen and carry away fragments of rock.
Sediments settle out of wind and water.
Sediments are pressed together in layers.
Dissolved minerals glue sediments together.
The movement of thermal energy from a substance at a higher temperature to one at a lower temperature.
The force pushing on an area or surface.