Medium for plant growth
Provides essential nutrients and acts as an anchor for roots. Facility for seeds, water, and oxygen. Temperature Regulation
Regulates and purifies water
Recycles wastes and nutrients
Transforms toxins through "nutrient cycling"
Modifies the atmosphere
Releases and stores nitrous oxide, carbon dioxide, methane and oxygen. (greenhouse gases)
Habitat for organisms
As mentioned earlier, billions of organisms reside in the soil.
We live on the soil; buildings, homes, universities, streets, highways.. etc.