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Unit 2 Part 1
Terms in this set (26)
many criticized William Seward's purchase of Alaska from Russia for 7.2 million dollars, calling it his folly.
James G. Blaine sought to open up Latin American markets to the U.S.; rejected by Latin America due to fear of U.S. dominance and satisfaction with European market
The idea that the United States and Latin America should work together to support peace and increase trade
Agreements that a nonresident of that state does not have to take the Texas Exam (if they are licensed in their home state) if their state lets Texans (licensed in Texas) get a non-resident license without taking their state exam.
agreement that another state to be allowed to perform without written or clinical examination again
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
1823 - Declared that Europe should not interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere and that any attempt at interference by a European power would be seen as a threat to the U.S. It also declared that a New World colony which has gained independence may not be recolonized by Europe. (It was written at a time when many South American nations were gaining independence). Only England, in particular George Canning, supported the Monroe Doctrine. Mostly just a show of nationalism, the doctrine had no major impact until later in the 1800s.
the Hawaiian queen who was forced out of power by a revolution started by American business interests
A queen of Hawaii and the successor to King Kalakaua (who gave most control to the businessmen in Hawaii through a new constitution) that highly opposed control of Hawaii by the U.S. and wanted to keep the islands mainly native, reducing the power of merchants from foreign nations.
Legally adding land area to a city in the United States
Alfred Thayer Mahan
Navy officer whose ideas on naval warfare and the importance of sea-power changed how America viewed its navy; wrote "The influence of Sea Power upon History"
a United States Navy officer, geostrategist, and educator. His ideas on the importance of sea power influenced navies around the world, and helped prompt naval buildups before World War I. Several ships were named USS Mahan, including the lead vessel of a class of destroyers. His research into naval History led to his most important work, The Influence of Seapower Upon History,1660-1783, published in 1890
When Cubans started to rebel, Spaniards began to reorganize prisoners into labor camps.
policy of moving Cuban civilians to central locations where they would be under the control of the Spanish army 1898; U.S. demands that they withdraw reconcentration
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers
An explosion from a mine in the Bay of Havanna crippled the warship Maine. The U.S. blamed Spain for the incident and used it as an excuse to go to war with Spain.
The United States battleship Maine mysteriously exploded and sank in the harbor of Havana, Cuba
The Teller Amendment
disclaimed any American intention to annex Cuba
the only way that McKinley would declare was if Cuba got its independence, teller amendment was supposed to give them independence from Spain. We wanted to show the Europeans that we could help another country without taking them over. Nullified by Platt amendment
Spanish- American War
War fought between the US and Spain in Cuba and the Philippines. It lasted less than 3 months and resulted in Cuba's independence as well as the US annexing Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixure of Ivy League athletes and western frontiermen, volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and enlisted in the invasion army of Cuba.
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
Commodore George Dewey
Followed Roosevelt's order to attack Spanish forces in the Philippines when war was declared; completely destroyed the Spanish fleet stationed at Manila Bay on May 1, 1898; was immediately promoted to admiral, becoming the first her of the war; his victory shed light on the adjusted purpose of war with Spain from just freeing Cuba to stripping Spain of all of its colonies
US naval offficer who defeated the Spanish fleet in Marina Bay (1898) during the Spanish-American War, thus, turning the Philippines from Spanish control into an American colony
Treaty Of Paris
Signed by the United States and Spain in December 1898, this treaty ended the Spanish-American War. Under its terms, Spain recognized Cuba's independence and assumed the Cuban debt; it also ceded Puerto Rico and Guam to the United States. At the insistence of the U.S. representatives, Spain also ceded the Phillipines. The Senate ratified the treaty on February 6, 1899.
objected to the annexation of the Philippines and the building of an American empire. Idealism, self-interest, racism, constitutionalism, and other reasons motivated them, but they failed to make their case; the Philippines were annexed in 1900
Philippine- American War
Cause: US informally promised the Philippines their independence if they helped fight Spain, but instead they just bought them. Philippines is angry and goes to war.
For three years after its annexation of the Philippine Islands in 1898, the United States fought a savage wa
Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895-1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed and he was captured by the United States Army in 1901.
Emilio Aguinaldo was a Filipino leader who fought first against Spain and then against the United States. He was a leader in the fight for Filipino independence.
Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
set of conditions under which Cuba was granted independence. Legislation that severely restricted Cuba's sovereignty and gave the US the right to intervene if Cuba got into trouble
Spheres of influence
Areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China)
An area of one country under the control of another. In China, these areas guaranteed specific trading privileges to each imperialist nation within its respective sphere.
Open Door Policy
Statement of U.S. foreign policy toward China. Issued by U.S. secretary of state John Hay (1899), the statement reaffirmed the principle that all countries should have equal access to any Chinese port open to trade.
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Hay- Bunau- Varilla Treaty
Gave the US a 10 mile strip of land in Panama in return for $10 million
The United States will give Panama 10 million dollars up front for the canal zone but that's it.
(TR) , Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic
Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force
Foreign policy created under President Taft that had the U.S. exchanging financial support ($) for the right to "help" countries make decisions about trade and other commercial ventures. Basically it was exchanging money for political influence in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Foreign policy of President William Howard Taft, which favored increased American investment in the world as the major method for increasing American influence and stability abroad; in some parts of the world, such as in Latin America, the increased American influence was resented.
Foreign policy of President Woodrow Wilson. Wilson hoped to influence and control other countries through economic pressure, refusing to support non-democratic countries. Helped with the advancement of human rights in Latin America.
Policy adopted by President Woodrow Wilson that rejected the approach of "dollar diplomacy". Rather than focusing mainly on economic ties with other nations, Wilson's policy was designed to bring right principles to the world, preserve peace, and extend to other peoples the blessings of democracy.
Big Stick Diplomacy
Slogan describing TR's Roosevelt corollary. Comes from the phrase, "speak softly and carry a big stick; you will go far." emphasis on military preparedness; willingness to use military force to achieve foreign policy goals.
The policy held by Teddy Roosevelt in foreign affairs. The "big stick" symbolizes his power and readiness to use military force if necessary. It is a way of intimidating countries without actually harming them.
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