Contemporary Media Semester 1 Final
Terms in this set (86)
moving image projected on a screen, a strip of celluloid with small pictures on it (disc, videotape, video CD)
a short clip from a film shown by a theater before the movie opens
a category of artistic, musical, or literal composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content. it is different types of film
films that deal with historical, social, scientific, or economic subjects, either photographed in actual occurrence or re-enacted, and where the emphasis is more on factual content than on entertainment
when the action on the screen and the reaction in your mind unite, communication is taking place when you understand the message of the film
intent to persuade, to educate, and to teach the audience something. usually used for schools and businesses
when a series of two-dimensional paintings is run through a projector at a particular speed, simulated motion results. artists create individual cels to show a characters movements step by step
they make many special effects possible, saves time and money over animation. characters can be constructed in a computer
personal film made by an independent filmmaker. these films have small audiences and are not shown in major theaters. these people do not have the help of a studio in the production of their movie
why is film so popular?
1. its easy to become involved in a film
2. films seem to be real, as if the action was really taking place
3. films influence how we think and what we do
4. people use movies to escape from the realities of life
5. filmmakers create a tremendously entertaining and captivating product
what are the film requirements for Oscar consideration?
1. a film must open in a specified geographical boundary in LA area before december 31
2. it must play in a commercial theater for 7 consecutive days on a normal time sched to a paying audience
3. the producers of the film must submit to the academy official credit list containing the precise screen credits
what are the elements that add to a films income?
big stars, overseas marketing, good advertising, winning an oscar, big studio, high production quality
why was film created? (6 reasons)
to make money, to entertain, to educate, to do something creative, to preserve sights and sounds of family occasions, and to communicate
why does US film dominate world markets?
2. high production quality (most of the world speaks english)
3. international popularity of american stars
how does movie advertising influence the public?
people notice the film and they want to see it
critics comments, trailers, magazines, internet, ads, commercials
what is the time involved in making movies?
18 months to 2 years
what is the Movie Ratings Board?
a self regulatory rating system
they rate their movies G, PG, PG-13, R, NC-17 based on sex, theme, language, nudity, drug use, and especially violence
how was traditional animation created?
walt disney studios is best known for it
artists create individual cels to show a characters movements step by step. 24 drawings for each second of film seen on screen. have to position their drawings so it will become a flow of movement
film sequence photographed continuously by one camera
most common type of cut that goes from one shot to the next
a group of related scenes that are edited together
(establishing shot) often comes at the beginning of a sequence to orient the audience to the general surroundings
point of view
the way you understand the film
subjective point of view - film is so literal you can see and hear what the character in the film sees and hears
flat angle shot
eye level shots
made at the same height and angle of the subject
high angle shot
look down on the subject
low angle shot
the camera is looking up on the subject
the camera moves with the subject, the camera is placed on a dolly (moving device)
at the end of several sequences, which tells us a segment has ended. image on the screen goes black
indicates that a new segment is beginning. black screen goes to image
(triple framing, split screen imagery) many pictures on the screen at once
a computer generated technique that enables the filmmaker and computer graphic artists to create characters that appear to "melt" into other characters
one scene moves another off the screen
revolving horizontal movement of the camera from left to right or right to left
the frame of the image is composed so that it pleases the eye, emphasizes something, or establishes a tension between lights and darks, colors and shapes, or vertical and horizontal figures
a fade out and a fade in, combined to create an image that appears blends into the other
similar to a pan but the camera moves up and down
makes everything appear flat, as if it were compressed in the frame
the scene completely stops, usually to emphasize something
what are the effects of each type of camera shot in film?
filmmaker uses different kinds of shots to create variety and contrasts
how is slow motion created?
by speeding up the film in the camera and then playing it back at normal rate
what composes film sound?
we concentrate on the rhythm of what is being said, it is the language of film
(dialogue, music, sound effects) create emotions and adds realism to the film
what are the characteristics of film noir?
the genre of film characterized by the strategic use of light
meaning "black cinema" often involve negative aspects of the human condition
what is the role of music in a film?
adding music can heighten the emotions of the audience and intensify its reaction to what is happening on the screen, music creates the most emotion
the way the director wants the movie to be, usually released after the studio version
Screen Directors Guild
made by a group of directors who set up a secret meeting. known as SDG. shows who directors are and shows their importance.led to forming the directors guide of america
what was the control of film in the 1920s?
studios dominated world cinema and insisted on artistic and economic control of the films they produced
what is the directors role in creating film?
to be the creative force that pulls the motion picture together, whether it is a feature film or for television. they are the head of the film production unit, and is responsible for translating words on paper into images on film
- created the art of film
- invented the close-up, cutting, camera angle
- created the historic spectacle with a point of view
- made many successful films
- straight man, actor, set up the joke
- very fast paced
- created the key stone
- created comedies and developed top comedians
- the little tramp (very popular)
- famous during the Depression
- director known for intimate style
- feel for framing
- created the documentary
- factual and lyrical films influenced film around the world
- distinctive films: Man of Aran, Louisiana Story
- famous for westerns
- he made 60 silent films and only 3 still exist
- films were his personal vision of American history
- started as a laborer, worked his way up
Cecil B. DeMille
- known for creating Biblical movies
- very strange man
- known for big pictures with "casts of thousands"
- sensed what the public wanted
- some films were too sophisticated but the public accepted his logic
- the movie "The Ten Commandments" very famous
page 177- 184 about the people
how was the studio acceptance of early documentaries?
they were puzzled by them, thought they were good but didn't think that they were entertainment
intellectual v. emotional responses to film
intellectual - based on intelligence and logic, probably more factual (most of your responses)
emotional - based on emotions and how you really feel about the film. the original emotions you had about the film (don't want to show emotions in public)
what are the techniques for film perception?
intensity, size, physical condition,physical surroundings, life experiences, mind and body, surroundings all effect your film perception
basic idea that film expresses, may touch on any aspect of life
a repeated device to show importance
the story line; it is what is happening, may be simple but also can be extreme
the plot in detail; describes scenes, defines, characters, and arranges events in a logical order
they direct all of the photography in the film, using different lenses and photography to make things visually appealing to the audiences eye
the way in which the cinematographer decides to frame the subject to create a visually pleasing effect
expresses an emotion by seeing similarities in unlike things
what are aesthetic qualities of film?
everything in the film that puts it together. photography, sounds, lighting, colors
how to make critical judgements about film?
analyze the mood, the intent of the filmmaker, compare and contrast with another film
what composes film sound?
natural sounds, music, and dialogue. sound creates a realistic atmosphere
what are ways/methods of studying film?
find common ideas and concepts in groups of films; examine individual films in great detail; study certain kinds of categories of films; investigate films historically; study films by certain filmmakers; study films made in other countries; and analyze film as a reflection of society
editing of a film should not be noticeable, there should be a smooth flow, help understand and see the film, discover and understand the theme, plot, and other components
a short film that is only 5 minutes long
"checking the gate"
before taking everything down after shooting day "make sure that you got it" and that everything is how you want it to be so there is no nightmares
an essay precursor or preview of your script
the plan of the movie
storyboard and a shot list combined
have auditions for your actors and get everyone together before the start of your movie
simple sentences that says what is going on in that point of time of the movie
in a new place, if there is a change in location or scene put in a slug line
what are the steps in shooting a short film?
1. make a five minute film
2. have a completed script before shooting
3. be a slash
4. geek out
5. use the three-day shooting schedule
6. edit on a deadline
what are the script components?
how do you create a shotboard?
show pictures and write a demonstration of what will be happening on the screen
how do you audition actors?
pick short scenes for the actors to act out. hold a place where people can come and try out. get a sense for the actors through what they do and what they say
what are the steps to consider for location shooting?
look for these things when finding a location
chance for the actors to read through the script, everyone needs to be present. makes sure that the crew is ready to shoot and that the actors are ready
what is the role of the producers?
driving force behind the creation of the film
the one that manages all the details and solves all of the problems
assemble crew, create shooting schedule, scout a location
what is wrong with shooting on private property?
if youre going to shoot on private property, ask the person who owns it first. you don't want to get kicked out in the middle of shooting.