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vitamins descriptions & deficiencies

Thiamin (B1) function

-water- souble vitamin
- involved in glycolysis of carbs
- metabolism of lipids

Thiamin deficiencies in humans

-Ber Ber (numbness of extermities)
- weakness, systemic acidoses, edema

Thiamin deficiency in chicken & cattle

"Star-gazing" - retracted typically to the right side

Antagonist of thiamin

high Sulfur, thiaminases (enzyme)
-thiaminases are found in insectacides & poor quality fish meal

Riboflavin function

-metabolism of CHO, lipids, proteins used for energy

Ribofalvin deficiencies

Birds: "curled toe paralysis"
-dermal & other skin disorders
- conjuctivitis & blindness

What do doctors use to treat malaria?

Riboflavin defienciency

Niacin 4 "D" 's

1. dermatitis
2. diaherrea
3. dementia
4. death

Niacin deficiencies in humans & dogs

humans: Pellegra (swelling & tissue lose of the tongue) & dementia
dogs: black tongue

Pantathenic Acid function

-water souble vitamin
- part of the coenzyme A
- fat metabolism

Pantathenic Acid defiencies

-specific dermatitis (corners of mouth, at joints)
-premature graying of dark hair
-fatty liver disease
- slow growth & goose stepping

Pyridozine function

- water solutble vitamin
-A.A. metabolism
- Red blood cell formation
- growth hormone synthesis

Pyridozine defiencies

-poor growth
- convulsions
-insulin sensitivity

Pyridozine sources

Plants: Pyridoxol (most stable 80%)
Animals: Pyridoxal (less than 10%)

Folic Acid function

-coenzyme involved in "single carbon metabolism"

Folic Acid defiencies

-anemia (non distingusable from B12)
-kidney problems
- death from neurological problems

Choline function

- be made in adequate amonts when high protein diets are fed
- has no coenyme function
-fat metabolism
- transmission of nerve impulses

Choline deficiencies

- nervous issues
- fatty liver disease in all species
- dermatitis

Vitamin C "Citric Acid" function

- many enzyme complex
- specifically with enzymes involving collagen, elastin syn.

Vitamin C deficiencies & issues

- general muscle weakness
- dermatitis
- high citric acid will create renal stones
- high vitamin C lowers phagocyte activity

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