12 terms

COMM300 Test 3 (Chapter 25)

The Native Paradigm
The Native Paradigm
Promotes the belief that humans are storytellers and that values, emotions, and aesthetic considerations ground our beliefs and behaviors
- Humans are persuaded more by a good story than argument
- experience our lives in narrative form --> transcends struggles
- Presents an alternative to the Rational world paradigm without negating traditional
- Narrative logic over traditional argument
- People judge credibility of speakers on whether stories have coherence and ring true (fidelity)
Paradigm Shift
a significant change in the way most people see the world and its meanings
Rational World Paradigm
A system of logic employed by many researchers and professionals
Assumptions of T.N.P.
-Humans are naturally storytellers
- Decision about a story's worth are based on "good reasons"
- Good reasons are determined by history, biography, culture, and character
- Rationality is based on people's judgements of a story's consistency and truthfulness
- We experience the world as filled with stories and we must choose among them
Key Concepts in the Narrative approach
Narration: includes any verbal and nonverbal account to which listeners assign meanings/symbolic actions "Words deeds that have sequence and meaning ofr those who live/create/interpret
Narrative Rationality
a standard for judging which stories to believe and which to disregard, ASSESSED BY Coherence and Fidelity
Internal consistency of a narrative, nothing left out, nothing contradicted
- Often measures by the organization and structural elements
3 Types of Consistency for Coherence
Structural Coherence: Flow of the story
Material Coherence: Congruence between one story and other related stories
Characterological Coherence: believability of the characters in the story (knowing how a person is and then hearing something impossible for them)
Credbility (truthfullness / reliability) of the story when elements of a story "represent accurate assertions about social reality" they have fidelity
Logic of Good reasons (assessing narrative fidelity)
consists of a 2 series 5 question process
1st series constitute logic of reasons
2nd series transforms them to good reasons
Good Reasons
a set of values for accepting a story as true and worthy of acceptance; provides a method for assessing fidelity
Critique of The Narrative Paradigm
Scope: Too Broad (questioned a definition that includes everything and how meaningful can it be?)
Lacks logical consistency
Less useful due to its "Conservative Bias"
His logic of good reasons fails to say how stories promote social change, lacks testability: broad and inclusive
Heuristic - Yes