New English File Upper-intermediate 1C (Illness & treatment)

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Terms in this set (...)

A & E
Accident and Emergency;
the part of a hospital where people who are injured or who need urgent treatment are brought
ache (v)
if part of your body aches, you feel a continuous, but not very sharp pain there
antibiotics
medicines used to kill bacteria and other microorganisms
asthma
a medical condition that causes difficulties in breathing
bandage (n)
a narrow piece of cloth that you tie around a wound or around a part of the body that has been injured
be sick
feel ill as if you are going to vomit
bleed (v)
to lose blood, especially because of an injury
blister (n)
a swollen area on your skin that is full of a clear liquid and is caused by being burned or rubbed
bruise (n)
a purple or brown mark on your skin that you get because you have fallen, been hit
burn (v)
to be damaged or injured by the sun, heat, acid
cold (n)
a common illness that makes it difficult to breathe through your nose and often makes your throat hurt:
cough (n)
to force out air suddenly and noisily through your throat
diarrhoea
an illness in which waste from the bowel is watery and comes out often
dizzy
having the feeling of spinning and being about to fall
drug (n)
a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic
faint (v)
to suddenly become unconscious for a short time
feel sick
feeling ill as if you are going to vomit
flu
an infectious disease like a very bad cold, that causes fever, pains and weakness
food poisoning
an illness of the stomach caused by eating food that contains harmful bacteria
GP
General Practitioner (Family doctor);
a doctor who is trained in general medicine and treats people in a particular area or town
headache
pain in the head
heart attack
a sudden serious medical condition in which the heart stops working normally, sometimes causing death
blood pressure
the force with which blood travels through your body
hurt (v)
1. to feel pain in part of your body
Where does it hurt?
2. to injure yourself or someone else
Be careful you don't fall and hurt yourself.
injection
a shot; an act of putting a drug into someone's body by a needle
medicine
a substance used for treating illness, especially a liquid you drink
needle
a very thin, pointed piece of steel used on the end of a syringe for putting a drug into somebody's body
operation
the process of cutting into someone's body for medical reasons
painkillers
a drug that reduces pain
rash (n)
a lot of red spots on someone's skin, caused by an illness
rest (n)
a period of relaxing after a period of activity
scan (n)
a medical test in which a special machine produces a picture of something inside your body
sneeze (v)
if you sneeze, air suddenly comes from your nose, making a noise
sore throat
a pain in your throat and mouth that hurts when you swallow
specialist
a doctor who is an expert in a particular area of medicine
sprain (v)
to damage a joint in your body by suddenly twisting it
stitch
a short piece of thread that doctors use to sew the edges of a wound together;
a sharp pain in the side of your body, which you can get by running or laughing a lot
stomach ache
pain in your stomach
stroke (n)
when a blood vessel in the brain is blocked, which can cause death
swollen
a part of your body that is bigger than usual, especially because you are ill or injured
twist (v)
to injure part of your body, especially your ankle, wrist or knee, bending it in an awkward way
unconscious
in a state like sleep because of an injury or illness, and not able to use your senses
wound (n)
an injury to your body that is made by a weapon such as a knife or a bullet
breathe (v)
to take air into your lungs and send it out again through your nose or mouth
cell (n)
the smallest part of a living thing that can exist independently
choke (v)
to be unable to breathe properly because something is in your throat or there is not enough air
damage (v)
to harm or spoil something/somebody
panic (v)
To have sudden strong feeling of fear or terror.
sting (v)
put a small amount of poison into you, often from an insect like a bee
strengthen (v)
to become stronger or make something stronger ᅳopposite weaken EX) Our friendship has steadily __________ed over the years.
stuck (adj)
be fixed in a particular position or unable to move or be moved
swallow (v)
to make food or drink go down your throath and towards your stomach
achievement
something done successfully; something gained by working or trying hard
Alzheimer's (n)
a disease usually affects older people, form of dementia that gradually gets worse over time. It affects memory, thinking, and behavior.
anti-ageing
intended to slow down the process of getting old
antiseptic (n)
substance that prevents infection
appointment
a meeting arranged in advance (e.g. with your doctor)
arthritis
inflammation of a joint or joints
beneficial
helpful, healthy for your body
check-up (n)
an examination by a doctor or dentist to make sure that you are healthy
cherry tomato
small red to yellow tomatoes
chronic
continuing for a long time (for example about a disease)
claim (v)
To say that something is true or is a fact, although you cannot prove it and other people might not believe it
consciousness
an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation
couch
a narrow bed on which a patient lies during psychiatric or psychoanalytic treatment
deadline
the point in time at which something must be completed
disease
an illness that affects people or animals, especially one that is caused by infection
exhausted
extremely tired
glad
happy and pleased about something
I am ......... you like your present.
gradually
little by little
harmful
causing hurt or damage
hug (n)
the action of putting your arms round someone to show your love or friendship
infection(n)
diasese in humans and animals caused by a contact with germs
inwards (adv)
towards the inside of something
moderate (adj)
Not extreme or excessive; within reasonable limits
patient (n)
a person under medical care
pinch (v)
to squeeze someone's skin between your thumb and finger so that it hurts
plaster (n)
a thin piece of cloth or plastic that is sticky on one side, and that you put on your skin to cover a cut. The American word is Band-Aid.
protein
a food nutrient especially useful for building and repairing cells, found especially in meat and diary products
puppy
young dog
reach
move forward or upward in order to touch
redecorate
redo the decoration of an apartment or house
remain
stay the same
response
what your body does in reaction to a stimulu,
an answer or reaction
rush
act or move at high speed
self-repair
process of a body, cell, or plant repair itself on its own.
short-term (adj)
lasting a short time, e.g a .................. memory
staff (n)
all employees of a company or organization
switch (v)
to change from one thing to another, or to make something do this, or to replace one thing with another
treat (badly) (v)
to behave towards someone in a particular way
waist (n)
the middle part of the human body that is usually narrower than the parts above and below
wasp (n)
an insect with wings and yellow and black stripes across its body. They have a painful sting like a bee but do not produce honey.