CHII Final Descriptions
Terms in this set (25)
A Worker's Petition
Machines are beginning to replace workers, causing many to lose their jobs and also making work a bit more inefficient. This is a petition to get rid of those new machines that are so frustrating to workers.
The Sadler Report
British Government regulation of factories to protect workers from abusive conditions. Interview format about factory conditions.
Friedrich Engles, "The Impact of the Factory System on Women and the Family"
makes notions of women's breasts dripping with milk because they are in the factory yearning to be with their children at home. The family is immediately broken with two parents gone to work all day.
David Ricardo, "The Iron Law of Wages"
says that wages should not be controlled by the interference of the legislature. Believes wages should remain at the same level because people will reproduce and always provide a surplus of labor.
Robert Owen, "Utopian Socialism"
says that a society is founded on certain principles but there are facts of his modern-day society that point directly away from those founding morals. We need to move back to those morals.
Karl Marx, "Communist Manifesto"
Society always finds a way to break up into classes, in this case the Bourgeoisie and the Proletarians. Proletarians are similar to Communists because they are the working class that goes after the Bourgeois and attempts to take power from them. They are the working class that uses their power in number to become the ruling class.
Karl Pearson, "The Standpoint of Science"
goes off of the idea of natural selection and notes that when two races interact, one is clearly inferior, leading to struggles between the two. If the inferior live among the inferior, problems are far less severe.
Joseph Chamberlain, "Britain's Duty in Egypt"
asserts that Britain occupied Egypt and though he regrets their decision to do so, he still sees it as Britain's duty to educate Egyptians so that they can self-govern. He says, however, that they are not ready to do so and want Britain's help to learn how.
Rudyard Kipling, "The White Man's Burden"
poetically writes about the duty a white man has in a civilized nation to save people of uncivilized nations. They must educate other nations.
Mark Twain, ""The Battle Hymn of the Republic" (Brought Down to Date)
reimagines this hymn to one that is more truthful about the U.S.' intentions. He says we are greedy and just trying to rule over other people; "his lust [...] greed is marching on!"
Josephine Butler, "The Is the Logic of Demons!"
discusses the issue of prostitution and while she does not believe it to be okay, she notes that only women (those who sell) are punished for spreading diseases, when men (those who buy) are spreading them too and are receiving no punishment. She relates it as illogical.
Charlotte Perkins Gilman, "The Yellow Wallpaper"
talks about how she is sad and her husband never understands. She is treated as a mental patient and she loves her husband but also hates him at the same time for the way he treats her. She mocks her position as a woman and emphasizes the higher authority men have.
Friedrich Nietzsche, Selection from Twilight of the Idols
talks about the incorrectness of Christian morality; it does not follow the same definition as true morality.
Friedrich Nietzsche, "God is Dead"
points to the death of God as linked to the death of morality. If people do not believe in true morals, then they do not believe in God. This is a pushback on Christian ideals and morals.
Wilfred Owen, "Dulce et Decorum Est"
Seigfried Sassoon, "Suicide in the Trenches"
poem of a simple soldier boy who shoots himself and leaves others praying that they won't ever have to know why he was driven to do that. Shows the true feelings behind war, minus all the masks of glory and valor.
T.S. Eliot, "The Hollow Men"
poem describing the battlefield. "this is how the world ends, not with a bang but with a whimper"
The Treaty of Versailles
peace treaty at the end of WWI that ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. Germany was angry because it basically placed all of the blame for damage on their shoulders. It was a peace treaty, but held Germany responsible.
Benito Mussolini, "The Doctrine of Fascism"
people must be loyal to the state and the state must be forceful, even with the use of violence. Anything in the notion of peace is cowardly and unprogressive.
"The Nazi Program"
the foundation of the Nazi party. Basically gives Germans of German blood the right to citizenship and disregards everyone else.
Winston Churchill, "Their Finest Hour"
focuses on the importance of standing up against Germany and beating them, otherwise everyone will sink into the darkness that Germany has started.
Joseph Goebels, "The Jews Are to Blame"
says that Jews wanted a war and they started it. He says that they wanted to destroy us just as they are destroying them and we should have no pity on them.
Rudolph Hoess, "Genocide"
Hoess was found guilty of crimes against humanity after being put on trial for his involvement in the Final Solution. This includes 9 points to which he is confessing his involvement in the Genocide of Jews.
Justice Robert Jackson, "Nuremberg: The Crimes of the Nazi Regime"
chief American prosecutor at the Nuremberg trials, which attained astronomic recognition around the globe. This is his summary of what happened and he says that everyone who is on trial has several witnesses and evidence pointing to their destruction against humanity.
Jean Paul Sartre, "Existentialism Is a Humanism"
describes existentialism as a doctrine of action in which nothing can save a man from himself, not even God.