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French explorer who reached the mouth of the Mississipi River -Claimed the Mississippi River valley for France
English explorer, historian & soldier who started two unsuccessful colonies at Roanoke Island
Jamestown leader whose method of curing tobacco made it successful cash crop -married Pocahantas
Boston Tea Party
1773 -Colonist dressed as Native Americans & dumped English tea into the Boston Harbor
1774 followed the Boston Tea Party- English parliament closed sea port -ordered colonists to feed & house British soldiers in the colonies
Battle of Saratoga
Site in northeastern New York of an important Patriot victory in the Revolutionary War
Patriot & leader in the American Revolution. Member of the Sons of Liberty -wrote news articles for the Boston newspaper attacking the Stamp Act
1st President of the United States- fought in the French & Indian War- led the Continental Army during the American revolution
Wrote Common Sense (written in a language most people could understand- urged colonists to separate from Britian)
British general who surrounded at Yorktown- THE LAST MAJOR BATTLE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION IN 1781
Reasons people came to the Americas
economic opportunity, slavery, religious freedom, military adventure & release from prison
Basic ideals expressed in & the reason for writing the Declaration of Independence
All men created equal & life, liberty & pursuit of happiness
Amendment 1 - Martin Luther King giving a speech
Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly & petition
Amendment 3- soldiers at your door asking to come inside
protection against quartering & housing soldiers
Amendment 4- police men at your door wanting to search your home without a warrant
freedom from unreasonable search & seizure
Amendment 7- seven + five = 12 people in a jury
cases involving controversy over $20 gives you the right to a trial by jury
Amendment 9- is always the floor. Picture a large # 9 on the floor & all your rights are inside the circle part of the 9. More rights than specified in the Constitution
whether you step outside the circle or stay in the circle you still have rights. You have more rights that are not listed in the Constitution.
Amendment 10- always look at the ceiling. Look at the ceiling & picture the United States. Then find Oklahoma
This will remind you that you have state rights & national rights.
create bills (laws) - override executive branch veto (by 2/3 of the members of both houses of congress agree) Approves the making of money -declare war
Carries out the laws - Approve /Vetos the bills created by Congress - nominates judges- allowed to order the army into battle
Rules whether laws passed are constitutional -can rule whether actions of the executive branch are constitutional
Before state can vote on an amendment
must be approved by 2/3 of both the Senate & House of Representatives. or 2/3 of the states can request that Congress call a special convention. Then, 3/4 of ALL states must ratify (approve) an amendment before it becomes part of the constitution. Since the Bill of rights was added in 1791, some 10,000 amendments to the Constitution have been proposed. Only 17 have been added.
Sons of Liberty
Sam Adams helped formed this group of men who supported the Patriot cause & boycotted the British
French & Indian War
War fought between the French & British over the Ohio River Valley, a cause to the Revolutionary War
A region of land that doubled the size of the US when purchased from France, it extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains & from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada
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