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71 terms

CRT 5th grade

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De Gama
Portuguese navigator who was the 1st European to sail from Europe to Asia
Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztec in 1521 -Founded Mexico City
LaSalle
French explorer who reached the mouth of the Mississipi River -Claimed the Mississippi River valley for France
Henry Hudson
English explorer who searched for a Northwest Passage
Raleigh
English explorer, historian & soldier who started two unsuccessful colonies at Roanoke Island
Jamestown
A town in SE Virginia -1st permanent English settlement in North America- founded in 1607
Plymouth
A town in SE Massachusetts- founded by the Pilgrims in 1620
Massachusetts Bay Colony
1st settlement of the Puritans- Boston
New Amsterdam
Dutch colony taken over by the English -became New York
John Smith
English army captain who strict discipline helped the Jamestown settlement to survive
John Rolfe
Jamestown leader whose method of curing tobacco made it successful cash crop -married Pocahantas
Puritans-Pilgrims
seeking religious freedom-settled Massachusetts
Roger Williams
Puritan minister who founded the colony of Rhode Island
Anne Hutchinson
Puritan founder of the Portsmouth, Rhode Island
Lord Baltimore
Started a Catholics colony- called Maryland
Quakers
Society of Friends-started by George Fox -very plain & against slavery
William Penn
Quaker leader who founded the colony of Pensylvainia in 1681
James Oglegthorpe
British Military officer who founded the colony of Georgia 1732
Peter Stuyvesant
lost New Netherland to the English without firing a shot-became New York
Stamp Act
1765 one of the first British laws placing taxes on the colonies
Boston Massacre
British soldiers killed 5 colonies
Boston Tea Party
1773 -Colonist dressed as Native Americans & dumped English tea into the Boston Harbor
Intolerable Acts
1774 followed the Boston Tea Party- English parliament closed sea port -ordered colonists to feed & house British soldiers in the colonies
Battles of Lexington & Concord
Site of one of the first battles of the American Revolution
Battle of Saratoga
Site in northeastern New York of an important Patriot victory in the Revolutionary War
Battle of Yorktown
The last major battle of the American Revolution
Samuel Adams
Patriot & leader in the American Revolution. Member of the Sons of Liberty -wrote news articles for the Boston newspaper attacking the Stamp Act
George Washington
1st President of the United States- fought in the French & Indian War- led the Continental Army during the American revolution
Thomas Paine
Wrote Common Sense (written in a language most people could understand- urged colonists to separate from Britian)
Thomas Jefferson
3rd president - Author of the Declaration of Indepenence
Marquis de Lafayette
French general who joined the Continental Army during the American Revolution
King George III
King of England during the American Revolution
Lord Cornwallis
British general who surrounded at Yorktown- THE LAST MAJOR BATTLE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION IN 1781
Reasons people came to the Americas
economic opportunity, slavery, religious freedom, military adventure & release from prison
Basic ideals expressed in & the reason for writing the Declaration of Independence
All men created equal & life, liberty & pursuit of happiness
Bill of Rights
First Ten Amendments 1791
Amendment 1 - Martin Luther King giving a speech
Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly & petition
Amendment 2- bare arms
right to keep weapons
Amendment 3- soldiers at your door asking to come inside
protection against quartering & housing soldiers
Amendment 4- police men at your door wanting to search your home without a warrant
freedom from unreasonable search & seizure
Amendment 5- plead the fifth- person with an X over their mouth
rights of accused people of a crime
Amendment 6- speedy cars
right to a speedy trial
Amendment 7- seven + five = 12 people in a jury
cases involving controversy over $20 gives you the right to a trial by jury
Amendment 8- handcuffs or colonial stocks
no cruel or unusual punishment
Amendment 9- is always the floor. Picture a large # 9 on the floor & all your rights are inside the circle part of the 9. More rights than specified in the Constitution
whether you step outside the circle or stay in the circle you still have rights. You have more rights that are not listed in the Constitution.
Amendment 10- always look at the ceiling. Look at the ceiling & picture the United States. Then find Oklahoma
This will remind you that you have state rights & national rights.
Amendment 13
slavery outlawed 1865
Amendment 15
voting rights 1870 (black suffrage)
Amendment 19
women's right to vote 1920
Amendment 26
vote for eighteen yr olds 1971
Branches of Government
1) Legislative 2) Executive 3) Judicial Branch
Legislative Branch
create bills (laws) - override executive branch veto (by 2/3 of the members of both houses of congress agree) Approves the making of money -declare war
House of Representatives
based on the population of each state (Virginia Plan) 2 yr term
Senate
2 reps from each of the 50 states (New Jersey Plan) 6 year term
Executive Branch
Carries out the laws - Approve /Vetos the bills created by Congress - nominates judges- allowed to order the army into battle
President
national level -4 yr term (22nd Amendment limits President to 2 terms
Governor
state level
Judicial Branch
Rules whether laws passed are constitutional -can rule whether actions of the executive branch are constitutional
Supreme Court
9 members
Before state can vote on an amendment
must be approved by 2/3 of both the Senate & House of Representatives. or 2/3 of the states can request that Congress call a special convention. Then, 3/4 of ALL states must ratify (approve) an amendment before it becomes part of the constitution. Since the Bill of rights was added in 1791, some 10,000 amendments to the Constitution have been proposed. Only 17 have been added.
Christopher Columbus
searched for a sea route to asia sailing west, found the carribbean islands
Ponce De Leon
Explored parts of Florida, Gets credit for finding & naming Florida (La Florida)
Magellan, Ferdinand
1st person to sail around the world
Coronado, Francisco
Looked for the Seven Cities Gold, but explored Southwestern US
Sons of Liberty
Sam Adams helped formed this group of men who supported the Patriot cause & boycotted the British
Mercy Otis Warren
Massachusetts colonist who wrote poems & plays supporting the Patriots
Hessians
Hired German Soldiers
Paul Revere
Colonist who warned Patriots that the British were marching to Lexington & Concord
French & Indian War
War fought between the French & British over the Ohio River Valley, a cause to the Revolutionary War
Louisiana Purchase
A region of land that doubled the size of the US when purchased from France, it extended from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains & from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada
Lewis & Clark
American Explorers order by Thomas Jefferson to explore the Louisiana Purchase