toxic shock syndrome
A woman comes to the emergency department with fever and vomiting. She soon develops a red rash all over her body, and her blood pressure begins to drop. What is one possible diagnosis?
Which of the following bacteria divide by "snapping division" in which daughter cells remain attached in characteristic V-shapes?
Which of the following bacteria produce one of the most deadly bacterial toxins known?
live within cells and thus avoid exposure to the immune system of its
Listeria's virulence is directly related to its ability to
Which of the following has been historically classified as Gram-negative bacteria but is genetically more similar to low G + C Gram-positive bacteria?
Which of the following diseases is considered an autoimmune disease triggered by bacterial infection?
they produce ?-lactamase.
Over 90% of Staphylococcus aureus bacteria can withstand the effect of penicillin. Why?
Its growth on Loffler's medium is used for absolute diagnosis of the bacterium.
Which of the following statements about diphtheria is FALSE?
The pus from an abscess in a patient's jaw contains microbes that form yellowish grainy masses and appear filamentous under the microscope. Neither antifungal medication nor a normal course of antibiotics has been effective in treating the infection. The abscess is likely the result of infection with
the black eschars it produces on human skin.
Anthrax, which means "charcoal" in Greek, derives its name from
It is primarily a disease of humans.
Which of the following statements about Bacillus anthracis is FALSE?
A sample of fluid from the lungs contains microbes that grow in filaments, and the filaments tend to align with one another. The cells stain poorly in the Gram stain and are a pink-red when acid-fast stained. The bacteria in the sample are
because it is strictly aerobic.
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is distinguished from other members of the genus
Which of the following bacteria can cause life-threatening pseudomembranous colitis?
the smaller polypeptide of its toxin can block the release of inhibitory neurotransmitters by inhibitory neurons in the central nervous system, causing simultaneous contraction of both muscles in an antagonistic pair.
How does the toxin from Clostridium tetani produce its action?
neonatal bacteremia, neonatal meningitis, and neonatal pneumonia
Streptococcus agalactiae is associated with which of the following diseases?
methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSOPTION
Bacteria collected from a severely inflamed wound are sent to the lab for analysis. The results come back as follows: Gram-positive cocci in irregular clusters, kinase and coagulase positive, and able to grow in the presence of most antibiotics except vancomycin. The bacteria in the wound are most likely
During a stay in the hospital, an accident victim develops symptoms of bacteremia. A blood sample shows the presence of Gram-positive cocci in pairs. Lab tests determine that the bacteria are nonhemolytic and bile salt tolerant. The bacteremia is likely due to
Otitis media may lead to dangerous meningitis in children due to infection with
Which of the following staphylococcal virulence factors produce the signs and symptoms of scalded skin syndrome?
It produces protein A, which inhibits opsonization.
Which of the following statements regarding Streptococcus pyogenes is FALSE?
they have hyaluronic acid capsules.
How do group A streptococci camouflage themselves from white blood cells?