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Cellular Respiration compared to Photosynthesis
Resp vs. Photo
Terms in this set (40)
What is the purpose of cellular respiration?
To create cell energy (ATP)
What happens to carbohydrates during cellular respiration?
They are broken down and they release the energy. It's also used to combine ADP with another phosphate group to form ATP.
What is chemical energy in cell called?
What does ATP stand for?
What is one product of cellular respiration?
How do animals get rid of carbon dioxide?
What body system is involved with removing carbon dioxide?
Is oxygen a product or a reactant of respiration?
It's a reactant.
What is the formula for photosynthesis?
6H2O + 6CO2 + energy = C6H12O6 + 6O2
Where is photosynthesis located in the cell?
What is the formula for cellular respiration?
C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6H20 + 6CO2 + energy.
Where is cellular respiration located?
Cytoplasm and mitochondria.
Cells used the energy stored in chemical bonds of foods to produce compounds that directly power the cell's activities, such as what?
What is the first step in cellular respiration?
Where does glycolysis take place in the cell?
Do the energy flow in photosynthesis and cellular respiration occurs in the opposite direction?
Cellular respiration removes carbon dioxide from the air. True or false?
What is the function of photosynthesis?
To capture energy.
Where is the location of reactions in photosynthesis?
What is the reactants to photosynthesis?
Water and carbon dioxide.
What are the products of photosynthesis?
Glucose and oxygen.
What is the function of cellular respiration?
When organisms get energy from food when oxygen is present.
What is the products of cellular respiration?
Carbon dioxide, water, and ATP(energy).
What are 2 advantages of glycolysis?
It doesn't require oxygen and it's fast.
Fermentation is an aerobic process.
True or False?
Fermentation occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell.
Alcoholic fermentation gives off carbon dioxide and is used in making bread.
How do your muscle cells produce ATP after the store of ATP in muscles is used?
Muscles produce ATP by lactic acid fermentation.
Process in which glucose is broken down into 2 molecules of pyruvic acid.
Process that forms either lactic acid or ethyl alcohol when no oxygen is present.
What is the process that releases energy by breaking down food molecules in the presence of oxygen?
When comparing CR and photosynthesis, these 2 processes are best described as what?
A cell that requires a lot of energy might contain large numbers of what?
Heterotrophs are organisms that____
Must consume other organisms to get energy.
In animal cells, which structure uses a specialized membrane to convert oxygen and nutrients into energy the cell can use?
Describe the transfer of energy between the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
Oxygen and glucose are produced during photosynthesis and are used during cellular respiration to perform vital cellular functions.
Many autotrophs obtain the energy they need for metabolism through___?
Cellular respiration produces more ATP molecules than fermentation does.
True or False.
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