U.S History E.O.C study Guide
Terms in this set (98)
Causes of U.S transformation to an industrial power
-west opened up by railroads
- Abundant resources
-Large labor force
- increase in immigration
- Increase in family size & standard living
- Increase in innovation Faire
- Increase in competition
Differences between "old" and "new" immigrants
- Irish, German, English
- Mostly Protestant
- Mostly Catholic,Jewish,Orthodox,Minority Protestant
Effects of the progressive movement
-17th & 19th Amendment
Causes/justifications for American expansionism in the late 19th and early 20th century
League of nations debate in the U.S
Did Not Join
-Republicans feared loss of Sovereignty
-Article 10 could possibly entangle U.S. in foreign conflicts
-Took power away from senate to make military decisions
-Wilson was stubborn- wouldn't compromise
Causes of the Great Depression
-Mistake of Federal Reserve
-Failure of International Trade
-Stock Market crash
-Uneven distribution of income among families
Effects of the new deal on the American people
Reasons for the use of the Atomic bomb against Japan
-Avoid another situation like pearl harbor
-Japan was warned prior to the bombings
-To protect American lives
-To end the ongoing war
-To stop Russia from expanding
-End war quickly
Causes of the cold war
-U.S didn't open a 2 front in Western Europe in time
- U.S & Britain froze
-Mutual distrust & Tension
- Soviet Union resisted democracy
Civil rights movement and strategies
Different types of economy
Command, Traditional, Capitalist, Mixed.
Policy that government should interfere as little as possible in the nation's economy.
importance of steel and oil
Helped to build cities up and out.
An organization that's authorized by law to carry on an activity but treated as though it were a single person.
total of a type of industry by one person or company.
Used vertical integration to dominate the steel industry.
John D. Rockefeller
Founded The Standard Oil Company by using horizontal integration and forming trusts.
Effects of the growth of the railroads
Increased markets for product, increased efficiency helped freight prices which dropped over half.
Gospel of wealth
handle your wealth with morals for example give it to places such as schools, libraries, and hospitals to build up the city and economy.
Outward and upward growth of cities
The reason for this was Railroads
An institution in an inner-city area providing educational, recreational, and other social services to the community.
Island near New York where the immigrants stopped before coming into the U.S. for a process to make sure they were eligible to immigrate to America.
Journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration.
Anti-Immigrant (Hostily toward immigrants by a native-born person)
Chinese immigration restrictions
Barred chinese immigration for 10 years because there were so many that wanted to immigrate.
Organization i which an authoritative boss or small group commands the support of corps of supporters and businesses.
"Jobs for votes"
Vote for the political machine and get a job in return
Boss Tweed and Tammany Hall
corrupt practices of political machines
To strengthen America by using the government as an agency of human welfare. *
direct election by voters
prohibition of alcohol
women's suffrage and right to vote
Theodore Roosevelt's Square deal (3 C's)
Controlling corporations (trust busting), Consumer protection, Conservation
Significance of Upton Sinclair's The jungle
a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
Why did Americans look to expand in the late 19th Century?
There was no more frontier. New materials, markets, and ports. There was competition with other countries.
Open Door Policy
All countries could trade into China
Sinking of the Maine
Territorial acquisitions and problems related to Spanish-American war
Teddy Roosevelt's general foreign policy ideas
"Speak softly and carry a big stick"
Filipinos wanted independence and went to war with U.S. became American territory and eventually gained independence
dollars before bullets
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
Spark that ignited WWI
The assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand
Why did the U.S. eventually enter the war? When?
Espionage and Sedition Acts
Prevent people saying bad stuff about war, the flag, and the country.
Volunteerism in WWI- How did citizens support the war effort?
Treaty of Versailles Debate in U.S. -- Why did the U.S. stay out of the League of Nations?
U.S wanted to isolate themselves and didn't want to be in the war.
Fear of communism
Sacco and Vanzetti
Italian men put on trial. They didn't get fair trial because the were immigrants.
Ford's model T- assembly line
1920's economic boom - main factors
Automobile, assembly line, radio, electronics , advertisements, and high tariffs.
Effects of prohibition
Too much public demand for alcohol.
Changes for women in the 1920's
Importance of the radio
Great migration gave African Americans the opportunity to show their talents. *
Causes of the stock Market crash
A small town built by people because many of the people were homeless, lost homes and their money during the Great Depression.
The bonus army was all the soldiers that were promised a bonus payment for the wages they lost during the war.
Compare/Contrast Hoover's approach to G.D with FDR
3 R's of the New Deal
TVA (The Tennessee Valley Authority)
Helped provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and improve economic development.
FDIC (Federal deposit Insurance Corporation)
Provides deposit insurance which promises the protection of deposits. Insured up to $5,000.
SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)
Created to help regulate the stock market and to help stop fraud.
Social Security Act
Provided a financial security for older americans, disabled, and unemployed.
Which New Deal organizations are still around today?
The FDIC, TVA, & SEC are still active today.
How did WWII begin?
Germany's invasion/attack on Poland
Isolationism of Interventionism
Phase 1- Paratroopers
Phase 2- Bombing
Phase 3- Amphibious Invasion
Victory in Europe after WWII which was celebrated on May 8, 1945
Victory in Japan on August 15, 1945
A surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941.
Initial U.S. Strategy in Europe
Battle of Midway
The A-Bomb- why used?
WWII on the homefront- themes of mobilization
WWII Draft- how was it unique?
Cold war origins
Look at chart on the cold war packet Mr. Roaldi passed back Friday (12/18/15) it's on the 1st page under Part 2: Roots of the cold war
(24 June 1948 - 12 May 1949) was one of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post-World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Western control.
The physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of World War II in 1945 until the end of the Cold War in 1991.
American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II
American foreign policy to stop Soviet imperialism during the Cold War.
U.S. tried to contain communism within its borders
The Korean War was a war between North and South Korea, in which a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North, which was also assisted by the Soviet Union.
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