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The methods a writer uses to communicate information about characters to readers


The moment when the action comes to its highest point of dramatic conflict.


The central source of tension and drama in the story


The actual words that characters speak

Dramatic irony

A technique that increases suspense by letting readers know more about the dramatic situation that the characters know


Background material about the characters, setting, and dramatic situation with which the author introduces the essentials of the story to the reader

Falling Action

The part of the story, following the climax and leading to the resolution, in which there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension


A writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story.


The use of selected details to describe one thing in terms of another.


A particular tone created when the speaker intends a meaning that is opposite to the words he or she says


a dramatic scene that is presented out of chronological plot sequence


a character that serves as a contrast to another

In media res

A latin term meaning "in the midst of things" that describes a plot that starts at a moment of high action in the middle of the stor and provides the reader with necessary background information later on


the arrangement of story events that defines a novel's structure


a secondary storyline involving secondary characters that parallels or contrasts with the main plot involving the central characters

point of view

the perspective from which a story is told


the conclusion of the story

rising action

the part of the story, including exposition, in which the tension rises


the environment in which the story takes place


techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the story


an image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning


the story's main ideas, the message that the author intends to communicate by telling the story


the clues in a story that suggest the writer's own attitude toward the elements of his or her story

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