Chapter 3 vocab
Terms in this set (20)
Carefully cut and regularly shaped blocks of stone used in construction, fitted together without mortar.
A male figure that functions as a supporting column. See also caryatid.
A pyramidal stone; a fetish of the Egyptian god Re. bevel See chamfer.
The uppermost member of a column, serving as a transition from the shaft to the lintel. The form of the capital varies with the order.
A female figure that functions as a supporting column. See also atlantid.
The fenestrated part of a building that rises above the roofs of the other parts. In Roman basilicas and medieval churches, the windows that form the nave's uppermost level below the timber ceiling or the vaults.
An extremely hard stone used in Mesopotamian and Egyptian art.
A half-round column attached to a wall. See also pilaster.
flute or fluting
Vertical channeling, roughly semicircular in cross-section and used principally on columns and pilasters.
Painting on lime plaster, either dry or wet. In the latter method, the pigments are mixed with water and become chemically bound to the freshly laid lime plaster. Also, a painting executed in either method.
A system of writing using symbols or pictures.
In Egyptian architecture, a hall with a roof supported by columns. Also, in Islamic architecture, a mosque prayer hall with its roof supported by numerous columns.
In ancient Egypt, immortal human substance; the concept approximates the Western idea of the soul.
Arabic for "bench." An ancient Egyptian rectangular brick or stone structure with sloping sides erected over a subterranean tomb chamber connected with the outside by a shaft.
A large burial area or cemetery; literally, a city of the dead.
In ancient Egyptian statuary, the linen headdress worn by the pharaoh, with the uraeus cobra of kingship on the front.
The simple and massive gateway, with sloping walls, of an Egyptian temple.
An Egyptian artifact that gave scholars a key to deciphering hieroglyphic writing.
A small concealed chamber in an Egyptian tomb (mastaba) for the statue of the deceased.
A mythical Egyptian beast with the body of a lion and the head of a human.