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20 terms

Classical Conditioning

Terms from Grivas and Carter, Chapter 12
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Classical Conditioning
a type of learning in which an organism comes to associate stimuli. A neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus (US) begins to produce a response that anticipates and prepares for the unconditioned stimulus. Also called Pavlovian or respondent conditioning.
Pavlov
Russian physiologist who observed conditioned salivary responses in dogs (1849-1936)
Unconditioned Stimulus
in classical conditioning, a stimulus that unconditionally--naturally and automatically--triggers a response
Neutral Stimulus
a stimulus that before conditioning does not produce a particular response
Unconditioned Response
in classical conditioning, the unlearned, naturally occurring response to the unconditioned stimulus (US), such as salivation when food is in the mouth.
Conditioned Response
in classical conditioning, the response elicited by the conditioned stimulus
Conditioned Stimulus
in classical conditioning, an originally irrelevant stimulus that, after association with an unconditioned stimulus, comes to trigger a conditioned response
Response
a reaction by an organism to a stimulus.
Acquisition
a process in classical conditioning by which the association of a neutral stimulus with a natural stimulus is first established
Extinction
in classical conditioning, the process of eliminating the previously acquired association of the conditioned stimulus and conditioned response
Spontaneous Recovery
in classical conditioning the re-occurence of conditioning after it had appeared to be extinct
Stimulus Generalisation
the tendency for another stimulus that is similar to the original CS to produce a response that is similar to the CR
Stimulus Discrimination
The tendency for a response to be elicited by one stimulus and not another.
Conditioned Reflex
is an automatic response that occurs as the result of previous experience
Conditioned Emotional Response
An emotional response that has been linked to a previously non emotional stimulus by classical conditioning
Aversion Therapy
any technique of behavior modification that uses unpleasant stimuli in a controlled fashion to alter behavior in a therapeutic way
Systematic Desensitisation
a technique used in behavior therapy to treat phobias and other behavior problems involving anxiety
One Trial Learning
a special case of classical conditioning that only requires one experience for the association to be made between a CR and CS.
Taste Aversion
A classically conditioned dislike for and avoidance of a particular food that develops when an organism becomes ill after eating the food.
Garcia Effect
conditioned taste aversion