15 terms

civics vocabulary 18-20

second set of test material
capital punishment
punishment by death
the legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial)
miranda rule
the constitutional rights which police must read to a suspect before questioning can occur
double jeopardy
being tried twice for the same crime
a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense
grand jury
a group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime
ex post facto law
a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
writ of habeas corpus
a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
exclusionary rule
improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial
police power
the authority of each state to act to protect and promote the public health, safety, morals and general welfare of its people
due process
following established legal procedures
an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government
words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
the written statement of a plaintiff explaining the cause of action (the defammation) and any relief he seeks
free exercise clause
the First Amendment guarantee that citizens may freely engage in the religious activities of their choice